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Ethnic differences in arterial stiffness and wave reflections after cigarette smoking.

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      Abstract

      Smoking increases plasma nicotine. Nicotine releases catecholamines and alters arterial distensibility. The nicotine intake per cigarette is greater and serum cotinine levels, the proximate metabolite of nicotine, are higher in Blacks than in Whites. We tested the hypothesis that cigarette smoking increases the pulse wave velocity (PWV), a marker of arterial stiffness, and the augmentation index (AI), a measure of wave reflection, more in Blacks than in Whites.

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      Author and article information

      Affiliations
      [1 ] Hypertension Clinic, Department of Cardiology, Erasme Hospital, Brussels, Belgium. dlems2002@yahoo.fr
      Journal
      J. Hypertens.
      Journal of hypertension
      0263-6352
      0263-6352
      Apr 2006
      : 24
      : 4
      16531796 10.1097/01.hjh.0000217850.87960.16 00004872-200604000-00013

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