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      A new species of the genus Neotropiella Handschin, 1942 (Collembola: Neanuridae) from Peru

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          Abstract

          Background

          Neotropiella is a genus of springtails which can be of medium size (2 mm) or relatively long (5 mm). These springtails live in leaf litter, under the bark of dead trees or in decomposing wood, mainly in the Neotropical Region and are often collected by litter samples on Berlese funnels or by pitfall traps. Most species have been described, based on relatively few specimens and chaetotaxy of several species is incomplete.

          New information

          A new species within Neotropiella was discovered in recent pitfall trap collections from Peru. Neotropiella peruana sp. n. was taxonomically treated and studied under both phase contrast and scanning electron microscopy. It is similar to N. insularis from Brazil, but smaller with only 4 mandibular teeth (vs. 5) and with well-developed unguis lateral teeth. Intraspecific variation of the new species is provided. We also present the first DNA barcodes for the genus.

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          Most cited references 8

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          A DNA-Based Registry for All Animal Species: The Barcode Index Number (BIN) System

          Because many animal species are undescribed, and because the identification of known species is often difficult, interim taxonomic nomenclature has often been used in biodiversity analysis. By assigning individuals to presumptive species, called operational taxonomic units (OTUs), these systems speed investigations into the patterning of biodiversity and enable studies that would otherwise be impossible. Although OTUs have conventionally been separated through their morphological divergence, DNA-based delineations are not only feasible, but have important advantages. OTU designation can be automated, data can be readily archived, and results can be easily compared among investigations. This study exploits these attributes to develop a persistent, species-level taxonomic registry for the animal kingdom based on the analysis of patterns of nucleotide variation in the barcode region of the cytochrome c oxidase I (COI) gene. It begins by examining the correspondence between groups of specimens identified to a species through prior taxonomic work and those inferred from the analysis of COI sequence variation using one new (RESL) and four established (ABGD, CROP, GMYC, jMOTU) algorithms. It subsequently describes the implementation, and structural attributes of the Barcode Index Number (BIN) system. Aside from a pragmatic role in biodiversity assessments, BINs will aid revisionary taxonomy by flagging possible cases of synonymy, and by collating geographical information, descriptive metadata, and images for specimens that are likely to belong to the same species, even if it is undescribed. More than 274,000 BIN web pages are now available, creating a biodiversity resource that is positioned for rapid growth.
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            Errata Corrigenda and update for the “Synthesis of Brazilian Collembola: an update to the species list.” ABRANTES et al. (2010), Zootaxa, 2388: 1–22

            We present in the following an Errata Corrigenda for Abrantes et al. (2010) Table 2 and general counting. Furthermore, we include all additional records for Brazilian Collembola during 2010 and 2011 as an update for the species list. The update was made following the same methodology and criteria as Culik and Zeppelini (2003), and Abrantes et al. (2010). All data will fit the same table marked differently to be recognized at glance. The references presented here are restricted to the citations concerning the update only; therefore the references presented in Culik and Zeppelini (2003), and Abrantes et al. (2010) will not be repeated.
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              Materialen zur Revision de Collembolen. Die Gattung Ceratrimeria C.B. sensu Womersley.

               E Handschin (1942)
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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Journal
                Biodivers Data J
                Biodivers Data J
                1
                urn:lsid:arphahub.com:pub:F9B2E808-C883-5F47-B276-6D62129E4FF4
                urn:lsid:zoobank.org:pub:245B00E9-BFE5-4B4F-B76E-15C30BA74C02
                Biodiversity Data Journal
                Pensoft Publishers
                1314-2836
                1314-2828
                2020
                25 November 2020
                : 8
                Affiliations
                [1 ] Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D. F., Mexico Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México México, D. F. Mexico
                [2 ] University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, United States of America University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Urbana United States of America
                [3 ] Universidad Nacional Agraria La Molina, Lima, Peru Universidad Nacional Agraria La Molina Lima Peru
                Author notes
                Corresponding author: Yony T. Callohuari ( ycallohuari@ 123456lamolina.edu.pe ).

                Academic editor: Ľubomír Kováč

                Article
                57743 14396
                10.3897/BDJ.8.e57743
                7710675
                José G. Palacios-Vargas, Yony T. Callohuari

                This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

                Page count
                Figures: 24, Tables: 0, References: 8
                Categories
                Taxonomic Paper
                Collembola
                Neanuroidea
                Arthropoda
                Animalia
                Biogeography
                Ecology & Environmental sciences
                Biodiversity & Conservation
                South America

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