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      A Cross-sectional Study of Patients and Physicians on the Impact of Myeloproliferative Neoplasms on Patient Health: The Landmark Survey From Taiwan

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          Abstract

          Patients with myeloproliferative neoplasm (MPN), including myelofibrosis, polycythemia vera, and essential thrombocythemia, experience a pronounced symptom burden. This study aimed to collect information from physicians and patients in Taiwan to explore their perceptions regarding MPN, treatment goals, and satisfaction with disease management. A cross-sectional, online survey was conducted among patients and physicians from September 2018 to November 2018 in Taiwan as a subset of the expansion of the Landmark survey. Overall, 50 patients with MPN and 30 physicians participated in this study. The symptom burden was low, with the mean number of symptoms experienced being 1.8. The most frequent symptom per physicians’ perception was fatigue, whereas it is not the most common symptom from MPN patients’ perspective. Blood count was the key indicator to determine treatment success from patients’ view, whereas presence of a new symptom was the key indicator from physicians’ perspective. Concordant with previous studies, our study revealed a lack of alignment between physician and patient perceptions relating to treatment goals and disease management. Nevertheless, the physical, emotional, work/activities and financial impacts on patients were minimal in Taiwan.

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          The 2016 revision to the World Health Organization classification of myeloid neoplasms and acute leukemia.

          The World Health Organization (WHO) classification of tumors of the hematopoietic and lymphoid tissues was last updated in 2008. Since then, there have been numerous advances in the identification of unique biomarkers associated with some myeloid neoplasms and acute leukemias, largely derived from gene expression analysis and next-generation sequencing that can significantly improve the diagnostic criteria as well as the prognostic relevance of entities currently included in the WHO classification and that also suggest new entities that should be added. Therefore, there is a clear need for a revision to the current classification. The revisions to the categories of myeloid neoplasms and acute leukemia will be published in a monograph in 2016 and reflect a consensus of opinion of hematopathologists, hematologists, oncologists, and geneticists. The 2016 edition represents a revision of the prior classification rather than an entirely new classification and attempts to incorporate new clinical, prognostic, morphologic, immunophenotypic, and genetic data that have emerged since the last edition. The major changes in the classification and their rationale are presented here.
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            Philadelphia-negative classical myeloproliferative neoplasms: critical concepts and management recommendations from European LeukemiaNet.

            We present a review of critical concepts and produce recommendations on the management of Philadelphia-negative classical myeloproliferative neoplasms, including monitoring, response definition, first- and second-line therapy, and therapy for special issues. Key questions were selected according the criterion of clinical relevance. Statements were produced using a Delphi process, and two consensus conferences involving a panel of 21 experts appointed by the European LeukemiaNet (ELN) were convened. Patients with polycythemia vera (PV) and essential thrombocythemia (ET) should be defined as high risk if age is greater than 60 years or there is a history of previous thrombosis. Risk stratification in primary myelofibrosis (PMF) should start with the International Prognostic Scoring System (IPSS) for newly diagnosed patients and dynamic IPSS for patients being seen during their disease course, with the addition of cytogenetics evaluation and transfusion status. High-risk patients with PV should be managed with phlebotomy, low-dose aspirin, and cytoreduction, with either hydroxyurea or interferon at any age. High-risk patients with ET should be managed with cytoreduction, using hydroxyurea at any age. Monitoring response in PV and ET should use the ELN clinicohematologic criteria. Corticosteroids, androgens, erythropoiesis-stimulating agents, and immunomodulators are recommended to treat anemia of PMF, whereas hydroxyurea is the first-line treatment of PMF-associated splenomegaly. Indications for splenectomy include symptomatic portal hypertension, drug-refractory painful splenomegaly, and frequent RBC transfusions. The risk of allogeneic stem-cell transplantation-related complications is justified in transplantation-eligible patients whose median survival time is expected to be less than 5 years.
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              Philadelphia chromosome-negative classical myeloproliferative neoplasms: revised management recommendations from European LeukemiaNet

              This document updates the recommendations on the management of Philadelphia chromosome-negative myeloproliferative neoplasms (Ph-neg MPNs) published in 2011 by the European LeukemiaNet (ELN) consortium. Recommendations were produced by multiple-step formalized procedures of group discussion. A critical appraisal of evidence by using Grades of Recommendation, Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) methodology was performed in the areas where at least one randomized clinical trial was published. Seven randomized controlled trials provided the evidence base; earlier phase trials also informed recommendation development. Key differences from the 2011 diagnostic recommendations included: lower threshold values for hemoglobin and hematocrit and bone marrow examination for diagnosis of polycythemia vera (PV), according to the revised WHO criteria; the search for complementary clonal markers, such as ASXL1, EZH2, IDH1/IDH2, and SRSF2 for the diagnosis of myelofibrosis (MF) in patients who test negative for JAK2V617, CALR or MPL driver mutations. Regarding key differences of therapy recommendations, both recombinant interferon alpha and the JAK1/JAK2 inhibitor ruxolitinib are recommended as second-line therapies for PV patients who are intolerant or have inadequate response to hydroxyurea. Ruxolitinib is recommended as first-line approach for MF-associated splenomegaly in patients with intermediate-2 or high-risk disease; in case of intermediate-1 disease, ruxolitinib is recommended in highly symptomatic splenomegaly. Allogeneic stem cell transplantation is recommended for transplant-eligible MF patients with high or intermediate-2 risk score. Allogeneic stem cell transplantation is also recommended for transplant-eligible MF patients with intermediate-1 risk score who present with either refractory, transfusion-dependent anemia, blasts in peripheral blood > 2%, adverse cytogenetics, or high-risk mutations. In these situations, the transplant procedure should be performed in a controlled setting.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                J Patient Exp
                J Patient Exp
                JPX
                spjpx
                Journal of Patient Experience
                SAGE Publications (Sage CA: Los Angeles, CA )
                2374-3735
                2374-3743
                23 November 2021
                2021
                : 8
                : 23743735211059053
                Affiliations
                [1 ]Ringgold 92748, universityChang Bing Show Chwan Memorial Hospital; , Lukang, Taiwan
                [2 ]Novartis (Taiwan) Co. Ltd, Taipei, Taiwan
                [3 ]Ringgold 111826, universityNovartis Pharma AG; , Basel, Switzerland
                Author notes
                [*]Cheng-Shyong Chang, Chang Bing Show Chwan Memorial Hospital, No. 6, Lugong Rd., Lugang Town, Changhua, 505 Taiwan. Email: cs4816@ 123456gmail.com
                Author information
                https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1016-8125
                Article
                10.1177_23743735211059053
                10.1177/23743735211059053
                8649420
                9aa5b171-23fe-44f4-8975-44ac602b56b2
                © The Author(s) 2021

                This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 License ( https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits non-commercial use, reproduction and distribution of the work without further permission provided the original work is attributed as specified on the SAGE and Open Access page ( https://us.sagepub.com/en-us/nam/open-access-at-sage).

                History
                Funding
                Funded by: Novartis Pharma AG;
                Categories
                Research Article
                Custom metadata
                ts19
                January-December 2021

                myeloproliferative neoplasm,myelofibrosis,quality of life,symptom burden,work productivity

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