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      Regression of Neointimal Lesions in the Carotid Artery of Nifedipine-Treated SHR and WKY Rats: Possible Role of Apoptosis

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          Abstract

          We previously observed that nifedipine reduces aortic hypertrophy in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) partly by inducing smooth muscle cell (SMC) apoptosis. The present study examined nifedipine regulation of SMC apoptosis in carotids with or without a neointima. A neointima was produced by endothelial denudation of the left carotid of SHR and WKY rats. The contralateral carotid remained uninjured. Beginning at week 6 after injury, rats received nifedipine or placebo for 5 and 7 additional weeks. In situ terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase (TdT)-mediated DNA labeling was used to mark apoptotic nuclei. Nifedipine reduced blood pressure in SHR but not WKY rats. Nifedipine had antihypertrophic effects in both SHR and WKY rats. In each strain, the greater reduction in cross-sectional area was seen in the neointima. In this tissue, nifedipine significantly increased TdT-positive SMC (4-fold at week 5 in SHR and 5-fold at week 7 in WKY rats) and reduced SMC number (70% in SHR and 29% in WKY rats) at week 7 compared to week 0. The effects were less pronounced in the injured and uninjured media. Thus, the antihypertrophic action of nifedipine is amplified in the neointima of SHR and WKY rat carotids, where histological evidence suggests SMC deletion via apoptosis.

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          Most cited references 2

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          In situ detection of fragmented DNA (tunel assay) fails to discriminate among apoptosis, necrosis, and autolytic cell death: A cautionary note*1

           B GRASLKRAUPP (1995)
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            The "Salt Problem" Revisited.Importance of the blood pressure-heart rate relationship

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              Author and article information

              Journal
              JVR
              J Vasc Res
              10.1159/issn.1018-1172
              Journal of Vascular Research
              S. Karger AG
              1018-1172
              1423-0135
              2001
              October 2001
              17 September 2001
              : 38
              : 5
              : 462-470
              Affiliations
              Laboratories of aPharmacology of Vascular Pathologies and bMolecular Medicine, CHUM Research Center, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
              Article
              51079 J Vasc Res 2001;38:462–470
              10.1159/000051079
              11561148
              © 2001 S. Karger AG, Basel

              Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

              Page count
              Figures: 2, Tables: 4, References: 55, Pages: 9
              Categories
              Research Paper

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