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      Role of Plasminogen Activator Inhibitor on Nephrotoxic Nephritis and Its Modulation by Tumor Necrosis Factor

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          Abstract

          To evaluate the suggested imbalance between coagulation and fibrinolysis in the development of glomerulonephritis, plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI) activity was studied in the plasma of rats with nephrotoxic nephritis. PAI activity rose within 1 h of the injection of nephrotoxic globulin (NTG), peaked at 2 h and returned to the normal range within 24 h. PAI activity was dependent on the dose of NTG and increased significantly during passage through the kidney. PAI activity was also detected in the culture supernatant from isolated glomeruli with nephrotoxic nephritis. Intracapillary fibrin deposits were formed within 2 h; their numbers increased gradually over 24 h. Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) also induced a progressive increase in PAI activity in normal rats. The injection of TNF to rats with NTG synergistically accelerated both the increase in PAI activity and the prevalence of fibrin deposits. These results suggest that PAI may be released from the glomeruli affected by nephrotoxic nephritis and imply that PAI may play a role in the local coagulation in the capillaries of the nephritic kidneys, although this is probably not the only mechanism which explains the continued formation of the glomerular fibrin deposits.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEF
          Nephron
          10.1159/issn.1660-8151
          Nephron
          S. Karger AG
          1660-8151
          2235-3186
          1992
          1992
          12 December 2008
          : 62
          : 2
          : 213-219
          Affiliations
          aDivision of Nephrology, First Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Kanazawa University, and bKanazawa National Hospital, Kanazawa, Japan
          Article
          187035 Nephron 1992;62:213–219
          10.1159/000187035
          1436316
          © 1992 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 7
          Categories
          Original Paper

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