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Boundary value problems for the Lorentzian Dirac operator

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      Abstract

      On a compact globally hyperbolic Lorentzian spin manifold with smooth spacelike Cauchy boundary the (hyperbolic) Dirac operator is known to be Fredholm when Atiyah-Patodi-Singer boundary conditions are imposed. In this paper we investigate to what extent these boundary conditions can be replaced by more general ones and how the index then changes. There are some differences to the classical case of the elliptic Dirac operator on a Riemannian manifold with boundary.

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      The index of elliptic operators on compact manifolds

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        Further results on the smoothability of Cauchy hypersurfaces and Cauchy time functions

        Recently, folk questions on the smoothability of Cauchy hypersurfaces and time functions of a globally hyperbolic spacetime M, have been solved. Here we give further results, applicable to several problems: (1) Any compact spacelike acausal submanifold H with boundary can be extended to a spacelike Cauchy hypersurface S. If H were only achronal, counterexamples to the smooth extension exist, but a continuous extension (in fact, valid for any compact achronal subset K) is still possible. (2) Given any spacelike Cauchy hypersurface S, a Cauchy temporal function T (i.e., a smooth function with past-directed timelike gradient everywhere, and Cauchy hypersurfaces as levels) with S equal to one of the levels, is constructed -thus, the spacetime splits orthogonally as \(R \times S\) in a canonical way. Even more, accurate versions of this result are obtained if the Cauchy hypersurface S were non-spacelike (including non-smooth, or achronal but non-acausal).
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          A rigorous geometric derivation of the chiral anomaly in curved backgrounds

           ,   (2016)
          We discuss the chiral anomaly for a Weyl field in a curved background and show that a novel index theorem for the Lorentzian Dirac operator can be applied to describe the gravitational chiral anomaly. A formula for the total charge generated by the gravitational and gauge field background is derived in a mathematically rigorous manner. It contains a term identical to the integrand in the Atiyah-Singer index theorem and another term involving the \(\eta\)-invariant of the Cauchy hypersurfaces.
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            Author and article information

            Journal
            2017-04-11
            1704.03224

            http://arxiv.org/licenses/nonexclusive-distrib/1.0/

            Custom metadata
            58J20, 58J45
            11 pages
            math.DG

            Geometry & Topology

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