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      Is job performance independent from career success? A conceptual distinction between competence and agency.

      1 , 2

      Scandinavian journal of psychology

      Wiley

      Agency, competence, social judgment, traits

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          Abstract

          Adopting a social approach to social judgment, we conducted five studies to validate a conceptual distinction between agency and competence traits. Studies 1-3 revealed that competence traits (e.g., skillful) are associated with job performance, whereas agentic traits (e.g., ambitious) are associated with career success. Study 4 showed that only agency predicted the amount of money people are likely to earn: the more a given trait was considered as agentic, the more it was associated with high monetary values. Study 5 highlighted the predominance of agency traits over competence traits in the evaluation of an employee applying for a promotion. Nevertheless, participants asserted that competence was the main criterion they used to judge the applicant. Implications of the conceptual distinction between agency and competence for social cognition are discussed.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Scand J Psychol
          Scandinavian journal of psychology
          Wiley
          1467-9450
          0036-5564
          Dec 2016
          : 57
          : 6
          Affiliations
          [1 ] University of Paris 8 LAPPS, Paris, France. patrick.mollaret@univ-paris8.fr.
          [2 ] University of Reims Champagne Ardenne, Laboratoire C2S, Reims, France.
          Article
          10.1111/sjop.12329
          27704548
          9b397f46-e010-49e3-b84a-cb091e68cea5
          © 2016 Scandinavian Psychological Associations and John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

          Agency, competence, social judgment, traits

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