Blog
About

7
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
0 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: not found

      Crystal engineering, structure–function relationships, and the future of metal–organic frameworks

      1 , 2 , 1 , 2

      CrystEngComm

      Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC)

      Read this article at

      ScienceOpenPublisher
      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          After twenty years of vigorous R&D, where are MOFs headed?

          Abstract

          Metal–Organic Frameworks (MOFs) are a rapidly expanding class of hybrid organic–inorganic materials that can be rationally designed and assembled through crystal engineering. The explosion of interest in this subclass of coordination polymers results from their outstanding properties and myriad possible applications, which include traditional uses of microporous materials, such as gas storage, separations, and catalysis, as well as new realms in biomedicine, electronic devices, and information storage. The objective of this Highlight article is to provide the reader with a sense of where the field stands after roughly fifteen years of research. Remarkable progress has been made, but the barriers to practical and commercial advances are also evident. We discuss the basic elements of MOF assembly and present a conceptual hierarchy of structural elements that assists in understanding how unique properties in these materials can be achieved. Structure–function relationships are then discussed; several are now well understood, as a result of the focused efforts of many research groups over the past decade. Prospects for the use of MOFs in membranes, catalysis, biomedicine, and as active components in electronic and photonic devices are also discussed. Finally, we identify the most pressing challenges in our view that must be addressed for these materials to realize their full potential in the marketplace.

          Related collections

          Most cited references 147

          • Record: found
          • Abstract: not found
          • Article: not found

          Metal-organic framework materials as chemical sensors.

            Bookmark
            • Record: found
            • Abstract: not found
            • Book: not found

            Principles of Fluorescence Spectroscopy

              Bookmark
              • Record: found
              • Abstract: found
              • Article: not found

              Luminescent metal-organic frameworks.

              Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) display a wide range of luminescent behaviors resulting from the multifaceted nature of their structure. In this critical review we discuss the origins of MOF luminosity, which include the linker, the coordinated metal ions, antenna effects, excimer and exciplex formation, and guest molecules. The literature describing these effects is comprehensively surveyed, including a categorization of each report according to the type of luminescence observed. Finally, we discuss potential applications of luminescent MOFs. This review will be of interest to researchers and synthetic chemists attempting to design luminescent MOFs, and those engaged in the extension of MOFs to applications such as chemical, biological, and radiation detection, medical imaging, and electro-optical devices (141 references).
                Bookmark

                Author and article information

                Journal
                CRECF4
                CrystEngComm
                CrystEngComm
                Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC)
                1466-8033
                2015
                2015
                : 17
                : 2
                : 229-246
                Affiliations
                [1 ]Sandia National Laboratories
                [2 ]Livermore, USA
                Article
                10.1039/C4CE01693A
                © 2015
                Product
                Self URI (article page): http://xlink.rsc.org/?DOI=C4CE01693A

                Comments

                Comment on this article