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      Neonatal Screening for Congenital Hypothyroidism: Results and Perspectives

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          Abstract

          Systematic screening for congenital hypothyroidism in the neonate constitutes a major progress in the prevention of mental retardation, as the condition occurs in 1/4,000 newborns and necessarily results in brain damage if not properly detected and treated during the first days of life. Screening and diagnostic and therapeutic procedures are discussed, as well as outcome and prognosis of the affected infants. Primary thyroid-stimulating hormone screening is almost universally recommended. Early therapy (within 14 days) with appropriate doses of thyroxine (about 10 µg/kg/day) will prevent any brain damage even in case of evidence of fetal hypothyroidism, as thyroxine of maternal origin will reach the fetus and largely protect him. Neonatal thyroid screening is also a particularly sensitive monitoring tool in the evaluation of the effects and of the correction of iodine deficiency at the population level.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          HRE
          10.1159/issn.0018-5051
          Hormone Research in Paediatrics
          S. Karger AG
          0018-5051
          2571-6603
          1997
          1997
          10 December 2008
          : 48
          : 2
          : 51-61
          Affiliations
          Department of Pediatrics, University Hospital Saint-Pierre, Brussels, Belgium
          Article
          185485 Horm Res 1997;48:51–61
          10.1159/000185485
          © 1997 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 11
          Categories
          Review

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