0
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
1 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found

      Growth Hormone Receptor Signalling and Actions in Bone Growth

      Read this article at

      ScienceOpenPublisherPubMed
      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          Growth hormone (GH) acts by binding to a membrane receptor that is part of the cytokine receptor superfamily. Ligand binding induces receptor dimerization leading to activation of the associated tyrosine kinase, Janus kinase (Jak) 2. Transphosphorylation of Jak2 occurs followed by tyrosine phosphorylation of the receptor, and numerous cytoplasmic proteins. Among these are the signal transducers and activators of transcription (Stat) proteins, as well as adaptor proteins leading to the activation of the Ras/mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase and the phosphatidyl-inositol-3′-kinase (PI 3-kinase) pathways. Activation of the GH receptor system is relatively transient, with several mechanisms being involved in down-regulation: internalization and degradation of the receptor and recruitment of phosphatases or specific inhibitors of the Jak–Stat pathway, the suppressors of cytokine signalling (SOCS) proteins. Finally, the use of the GH receptor knock-out mouse model has allowed us to dissect the role of this hormone in post-natal body growth and homeostasis.

          Related collections

          Author and article information

          Journal
          HRE
          Horm Res Paediatr
          10.1159/issn.1663-2818
          Hormone Research in Paediatrics
          S. Karger AG
          978-3-8055-7325-2
          978-3-318-00789-3
          1663-2818
          1663-2826
          2001
          2001
          17 November 2004
          : 55
          : Suppl 2
          : 14-17
          Affiliations
          INSERM Unité 344 – Endocrinologie Moléculaire, Faculty of Médicine Necker, Paris, France
          Article
          63467 Horm Res 2001;55(suppl 2):14–17
          10.1159/000063467
          11684869
          © 2001 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Figures: 2, References: 25, Pages: 4
          Categories
          Sensitivity to Growth Hormone

          Comments

          Comment on this article