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      Aggressive behavior of Macao middle school students and its influencing factors


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          Objective To understand aggressive behavior associated factors among middle school students in Macao, so as to provide a reference for preventing and reducing aggression behavior in school.

          Methods From September to December 2018, a multi-stage stratified cluster sampling method was used to conduct a questionnaire survey among 2 681 middle school students in Macao, China, and an aggressive behavior survey scale was used to evaluate the aggression behavior of middle school students.

          Results The average total score of aggressive behavior in Macao middle school students was (36.18 ± 17.62), of which the average score of proactive aggression was (20.00±9.19), the average score of active aggression was (16.18±9.15), and the score of active aggression was higher than that of proactive aggression ( t = 39.01, P<0.01). Univariate analysis showed that the scores of aggressive behavior of junior high school students were higher than those of high school students ( t = 5.95, P<0.01), and middle school students with good academic performance had lower scores than those with poor academic performance ( F = 9. 12, P< 0. 01) , and students whose mothers did not work had higher aggressive scores than mothers had jobs ( t = 2.40, P<0.05). Multivariate linear regression showed that the frequency of skipping classes in the past month had a significant effect on the aggressive behavior of middle school students ( t = 6.27, P<0.01), the experience of substance abuse, especially the frequency of drinking ( t = 5.77) and drug use ( t = 2.90) in the past month was the influencing factor of students’ aggressive behavior, and the victimized experience such as being stolen ( t = 4.98) , being beaten ( t = 2.87) and being snatched by force ( t = –2.62) was also an important predictor of aggression behavior of middle school students, and the difference is statistically significant ( P<0.01).

          Conclusion The skipping class, substance abuse and victimized experience are risk factors for middle school students ’ aggressive behavior. It is necessary to strengthen the prevention of aggressive behavior of middle school students.


          【摘要】目的 了解澳门中学生攻击行为的总体情况及影响因素, 为预防和减少校园攻击行为的发生提供参考。 方 法 于 2018 年 9 一 12 月, 采用多阶段分层整群抽样方法, 对中国澳门地区的 2 681 名中学生进行问卷调査, 使用攻击行为 调査量表对中学生的攻击行为进行评估。 结果 澳门中学生攻击行为平均得分为 [(36.18±17.62)分], 其中被动性攻击行 为平均得分 [(20.00±9.19)分], 髙于主动性攻击行为 [(16.18±9.15)分], 差异有统计学意义 ( t = 39.01, P<0.01)。 单因素 分析显示, 初中生攻击行为得分髙于髙中生( t = 5.95, P<0.01), 学习成绩好的中学生得分低于学习成绩差的( F = 9.12, P < 0.01), 母亲没有工作的中学生得分髙于母亲有工作的( t = 2.40, P<0.05)。 多因素线性回归分析显示, 最近1个月逃课频率 对中学生攻击行为的影响有统计学意义( t = 6.27, P<0.01);物质滥用的经历特别是近1个月的饮酒( t = 5.77)、吸食毒品频率 ( t = 2.90) 是中学生攻击行为的影响因素, 而被偷 ( t = 4.98)、被打( t = 2.87) 以及被武力抢夺( t = –2.62) 等被害经历也是中 学生攻击行为的重要预测因素, 且均有统计学意义 ( P 值均<0.01)。 结论 澳门中学生的被动性攻击行为水平髙于主动性 攻击行为, 逃课、物质滥用以及被害经历是中学生攻击行为的风险因素, 需要加强中学生攻击行为的预防。

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          Author and article information

          Chinese Journal of School Health
          Chinese Journal of School Health (China )
          01 November 2019
          01 February 2020
          : 40
          : 11
          : 1682-1685
          [1] 1School of Criminology, People’s Public Security University of China, Beijing (100038), China
          Author notes
          *Corresponding author: WANG Dianxi, E-mail: wangdianxigod@ 123456sina.com
          © 2019 Chinese Journal of School Health

          This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License (CC BY-NC 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. See https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.

          Self URI (journal-page): http://www.cjsh.org.cn
          Journal Article

          Ophthalmology & Optometry,Pediatrics,Nutrition & Dietetics,Clinical Psychology & Psychiatry,Public health
          Dangerous behavior,Aggression,Students,Emotions


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