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      Dietary behavior problems of 2-7 year-old autistic children in Urumqi

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          Abstract

          Objective To compare the differences of dietary behavior between autistic children and normal children, and to explore the dietary behavior problems and their influencing factors in autistic children, so as to provide theoretical basis for improving dietary behavior problems and guiding scientific feeding of autistic children.

          Methods 113 autistic children aged 2-7 from a hospital and an autism rehabilitation training institution in Urumqi were selected as the case group and 223 children aged 2-7 from a hospital in Urumqi as the control group.

          Results The results showed that there were significant differences between the two groups in the main type of care, caregiver education, caregiver occupation and monthly per capita economic income ( P<0.05). The scores of picking food, food response, unhealthy eating habits, overeating response and emotional eating were significantly higher in the case group than in the control group, while the scores of extrinsic eating and active eating ability were significantly lower in the case group than in the control group ( P<0.05).

          Conclusion The main dietary problems of autistic children include severe picky eating, food response to different degrees, over fullness response, bad eating behavior, emotional eating and so on.

          Abstract

          【摘要】目的 探讨孤独症儿童存在的饮食行为问题,为改善孤独症儿童的饮食行为提供依据。 方法 病例组选自 乌鲁木齐市某医院和某孤独症康复训练机构的2~7岁孤独症儿童113例,对照组为乌鲁木齐市某医院2~7岁常规体检儿 童223例,采用“学龄前儿童饮食行为问卷”调査2组儿童的饮食行为。 结果 病例组挑食、食物响应、不良进食习惯、过饱 响应和情绪性进食得分均髙于对照组,而外因性进食和主动进食能力得分低于对照组( P值均<0.05)。饮食行为问题比较 结果显示,病例组饮食行为发生率在挑食项、不良进食习惯、过饱响应项、情绪性进食项均髙于对照组( P值均<0.05)。结 孤独症儿童主要存在的饮食问题有挑食,不同程度的食物响应、过饱响应、不良的进食行为和情绪性进食。

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CJSH
          Chinese Journal of School Health
          Chinese School Health Editorial Department (China )
          1000-9817
          01 January 2020
          01 January 2020
          : 40
          : 1
          : 55-57
          Affiliations
          [1] 1Department of Child and Maternal Health, School of Public Health, Xinjiang Medical University, Urumqi (830011), China
          Author notes
          *Corresponding author: KELIMU Asimuguli, E-mail: 370645504@ 123456qq.com
          Article
          j.cnki.1000-9817.2019.01.014
          10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2019.01.014
          9bc9de2e-a677-4e2a-831e-99c089344ecd
          © 2019 Chinese Journal of School Health

          This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License (CC BY-NC 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. See https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.

          Product
          Self URI (journal-page): http://www.cjsh.org.cn
          Categories
          Journal Article

          Ophthalmology & Optometry,Pediatrics,Nutrition & Dietetics,Clinical Psychology & Psychiatry,Public health
          Dangerous behavior,Child,Food habits,Autistic disorder

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