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      A new lapsiine jumping spider from North America, with a review of Simon’s Lapsias species (Araneae, Salticidae, Spartaeinae)

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      Pensoft Publishers

      Guatemala, jumping spider, Lapsiini , México, Venezuela

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          Abstract

          Abstract

          A new spider genus and species from México and Guatemala, Amilaps mayana gen. et sp. nov., is described, distinct from other members of the jumping spider tribe Lapsiini (subfamily Spartaeinae ) by its four retromarginal cheliceral teeth and the large sclerite cradling the embolus. It is the first living lapsiine known outside of South America. This tribe has received attention recently for new species and genera in Ecuador and Brazil, but Simon’s original four species of Lapsias , described from Venezuela in 1900 and 1901, remain relatively poorly known. Accordingly, new illustrations of Simon’s type material are given, and a lectotype is designated for L. cyrboides Simon, 1900. The three forms of females in Simon’s material from Colonia Tovar, Aragua, are reviewed and illustrated, and they are a tentatively matched with the three male lectotypes of his species from the same location.

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          Most cited references 11

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          The deep phylogeny of jumping spiders (Araneae, Salticidae)

          Abstract In order to resolve better the deep relationships among salticid spiders, we compiled and analyzed a molecular dataset of 169 salticid taxa (and 7 outgroups) and 8 gene regions. This dataset adds many new taxa to previous analyses, especially among the non-salticoid salticids, as well as two new genes – wingless and myosin heavy chain. Both of these genes, and especially the better sampled wingless, confirm many of the relationships indicated by other genes. The cocalodines are placed as sister to lapsiines, in a broader clade with the spartaeines. Cocalodines, lapsiines, and spartaeines are each supported as monophyletic, though the first two have no known morphological synapomorphies. The lyssomanines appear to be non-monophyletic, of three separate groups: (1) Lyssomanes plus Chinoscopus, (2) Onomastus, and (3) the remainder of Old World species. Several previously-inferred relationships continue to be supported: hisponines as sister to the Salticoida, Amycoida as sister to the remaining Salticoida, and Saltafresia as monophyletic. The relationship of Salticus with Philaeus and relatives is now considered well enough corroborated to move the latter into the subfamily Salticinae. A new clade consisting of the Plexippoida + Aelurilloida + Leptorchesteae + Salticinae is recognized. Nungia is found to be an astioid, and Echeclus, Gedea and Diplocanthopoda to be hasariines. The euophryines are corroborated as monophyletic. The agoriines Agorius and Synagelides are salticoids, within the sister group to amycoids, but their further placement is problematical, perhaps because of their nuclear ribosomal genes’ high GC bias, as also seen in the similarly problematic Eupoa.
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            Las especies americanas de arañas de la familia Salticidae descriptas por Eugène Simon: Redescripciones basadas en los ejemplares típicos.

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              Descriptions d’arachnides nouveaux de la famille des Attidae.

               Simon,  E SIMON,  E Simon (1900)
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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Journal
                Zookeys
                Zookeys
                2
                urn:lsid:arphahub.com:pub:45048D35-BB1D-5CE8-9668-537E44BD4C7E
                urn:lsid:zoobank.org:pub:91BD42D4-90F1-4B45-9350-EEF175B1727A
                ZooKeys
                Pensoft Publishers
                1313-2989
                1313-2970
                2019
                21 November 2019
                : 891
                : 17-29
                Affiliations
                [1 ] Departments of Zoology and Botany and Beaty Biodiversity Museum, University of British Columbia, 6270 University Boulevard, Vancouver, British Columbia, V6T 1Z4, Canada University of British Columbia Vancouver Canada
                Author notes
                Corresponding author: Wayne P. Maddison ( wayne.maddison@ 123456ubc.ca )

                Academic editor: J. Miller

                Article
                38563
                10.3897/zookeys.891.38563
                6882923
                Wayne P. Maddison

                This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

                Categories
                Research Article
                Salticidae
                Systematics
                Neogene
                Americas

                Animal science & Zoology

                salticidae, araneae, animalia, venezuela, méxico, lapsiini , jumping spider, guatemala

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