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      5-hydroxytryptamine induces mast cell adhesion and migration.

      The Journal of Immunology Author Choice

      pharmacology, metabolism, Animals, Bone Marrow Cells, drug effects, immunology, Cell Adhesion, Cell Degranulation, Cell Movement, Chemotaxis, Cytokines, Female, Fibronectins, Humans, Mast Cells, Actins, physiology, Mice, Mice, Inbred Strains, Mice, Knockout, Pertussis Toxin, Receptor, Serotonin, 5-HT1A, genetics, Receptors, Serotonin, Serotonin, Serotonin Antagonists

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          The neurotransmitter serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT)) is implicated in enhancing inflammatory reactions of skin, lung, and gastrointestinal tract. To determine whether 5-HT acts, in part, through mast cells (MC), we first established that mouse bone marrow-derived MC (mBMMC) and human CD34(+)-derived MC (huMC) expressed mRNA for multiple 5-HT receptors. We next determined the effect of 5-HT on mouse and human MC degranulation, adhesion, and chemotaxis. We found no evidence that 5-HT degranulates MC or modulates IgE-dependent activation. 5-HT did induce mBMMC and huMC adherence to fibronectin; and immature and mature mBMMC and huMC migration. Chemotaxis was accompanied by actin polymerization. Using receptor antagonists and pertussis toxin, we identified 5-HT(1A) as the principal receptor mediating the effects of 5-HT on MC. mBMMC from the 5-HT(1A) receptor knockout mouse (5-HT(1A)R(-/-)) did not respond to 5-HT. 5-HT did induce accumulation of MC in the dermis of 5-HT(1A)R(+/+) mice, but not in 5-HT(1A)R(-/-) mice. These studies are the first to demonstrate an effect of 5-HT on MC. Furthermore, both mouse and human MC respond to 5-HT through the 5-HT(1A) receptor. Our data are consistent with the conclusion that 5-HT promotes inflammation by increasing MC at the site of tissue injury.

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