Merrick Lopez , MD , * , Yana Vaks , MD * , Michele Wilson , MS, RN, CNS * , Kenneth Mitchell , MBA, MSEE † , Christina Lee , MS, MBA, RN * , Janeth Ejike , MD * , Grace Oei , MD * , Danny Kaufman , RCP * , Jamie Hambly , BSN, RN * , Cynthia Tinsley , MD * , Thomas Bahk , MD * , Carlos Samayoa , MPH † , James Pappas , MD, MBA † , Shamel Abd-Allah , MD *
16 May 2019
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Daily rounds in many pediatric intensive care units (PICUs) vary in quality, duration, and participation. We hypothesized that implementing structured interdisciplinary bedside rounds (SIBR ®) would improve our rounding process.
This was a quality improvement initiative in a 25-bed multidisciplinary PICU in a tertiary children’s hospital. Baseline data included rounding duration; participation of nurses, respiratory care practitioners (RCP), parents; and physician order read-back practices. Interventions were implementing pre-rounding huddles, changing the start of the rounding week, and instituting a SIBR model. All staff, consecutive patients and parents participated over 18 months. We used Mann-Whitney, z-test, and t-tests for statistical analysis with a significance level of 0.05. We tracked data with a statistical process control chart.
Rounds participation increased for nurses (88% to 100%), RCPs (13% to 61%), and families (24% to 49%) (all p <0.001). Physician order read-back increased (41% to 79%) (p<0.001). The median length of stay (LOS) decreased from 2.1 to 1.9 days (p=0.004) with no changes in mortality or readmissions. The proportion of top responses from family surveys increased from 0.69 to 0.76 (p<0.001). PICU rounding duration (minutes/patient) decreased from 17.1 to 11.3. Most resident physicians felt SIBR positively impacted their education (70%), was more effective than rounds without structure (97%), and that family presence positively impacted learning (70%).