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      Using an Embodiment Technique in Psychological Experiments with Virtual Reality: A Scoping Review of the Embodiment Configurations and their Scientific Purpose

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      The Open Psychology Journal
      Bentham Science Publishers Ltd.

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          Abstract

          Background:

          In recent years, psychological studies with virtual reality have increasingly involved some eEmbodiment tTechnique (ET) in which the users’ bodily movements are mapped on the movements of a digital body. However, this domain is very fragmented across disciplines and plagued by terminological ambiguity.

          Objective:

          This paper provides a scoping review of the psychological studies deploying some ET in VR.

          Methods:

          A total of 742 papers were retrieved from Scopus and the ACM Digital library using “embodiment” and “virtual reality” as keywords; after screening them, 79 were eventually retained. From each study, the following information was extracted: (a) the content of the virtual scenario, (b) the extent of the embodiment, and (c) the scientific purpose and measure of the psychological experience of embodiment. This information is summarized and discussed, as well as reported in tabular format for each study.

          Results:

          We first distinguished ET from other types of digital embodiment. Then we summarized the ET solutions in terms of the completeness of the digital body assigned to the user and of whether the digital body's appearance resembled the users' real one. Finally, we report the purpose and the means of measuring the users’sense of embodiment.

          Conclusion:

          This review maps the variety of embodiment configurations and the scientific purpose they serve. It offers a background against which other studies planning to use this technique can position their own solution and highlight some underrepresented lines of research that are worth exploring.

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          Most cited references106

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          Scoping studies: towards a methodological framework

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            Rubber hands 'feel' touch that eyes see.

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              The Proteus Effect: The Effect of Transformed Self-Representation on Behavior

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                The Open Psychology Journal
                TOPSYJ
                Bentham Science Publishers Ltd.
                1874-3501
                October 15 2021
                October 15 2021
                : 14
                : 1
                : 204-212
                Article
                10.2174/1874350102114010204
                9c3ec3d5-2155-4b78-bec6-52a8bb66350a
                © 2021

                Free to read

                https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode

                History

                Medicine,Chemistry,Life sciences
                Medicine, Chemistry, Life sciences

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