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      Skin Changes and Tumours after Renal Transplantation

      , ,

      Nephron

      S. Karger AG

      Renal transplantation, Skin changes, Tumours

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          Abstract

          Skin involvement in chronic renal failure is characterised by a multitude of different aspects. Apart from the typical yellow-brown discolouration of the skin, most often patients complain of pruritus and xerosis cutis. A marked actinic elastosis is noticed. Dialysis treatment alters and partly aggravates these pre-existing skin conditions. When chronic renal failure leads to a kidney transplantation, some of the reversible skin pathology, e.g. pruritus, xeroderma, tends to ameliorate, but a high tendency to develop malignancies becomes prominent.

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          Most cited references 4

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          Pruritus and Hydration State of Stratum corneum in Hemodialysis Patients

          Background: Xerosis is the most frequent cutaneous manifestation in hemodialysis (HD) patients, but the association between dry skin and pruritus remains to be clarified. Since the skin surface hygrometer can detect the changes of water content in the stratum corneum more sensitively, we re-examined the relationship between the severity of pruritus and water content in dialysis patients. Methods: Fifty patients who had been undergoing regular HD were examined for the degree of pruritus by clinical grading. Water contents in the stratum corneum at volar forearm and lower leg were assessed by measurement of high-frequency conductance using a skin surface hygrometer both at pre- and postdialysis. Results: Thirty-seven (74%) of dialysis patients complained of pruritus. High-frequency conductance values were significantly lower in HD patients compared to those of age-matched control subjects (n = 13) both at forearm (35.1 ± 3.0 vs. 73.3 ± 10.4 µS, p < 0.01) and lower leg (14.2 ± 1.1 vs. 52.4 ± 7.5 µS, p < 0.01). There was no relationship between the severity of pruritus and age, gender, HD duration, underlying renal disease, or removing fluid volume. A significant reduction of itching score was found in patients using polysulfone membrane. A single HD session using cellulose triacetate or polysulfone membrane significantly increased water content both at forearm and lower leg (p < 0.05). However, the degree of pruritus did not correlate with the skin water content both at the beginning and the end of HD session, respectively. Conclusion: It follows from these findings that water content in the stratum corneum was reduced in HD patients, but did not correlate with the severity of pruritus.
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            Renal itch

             Murphy,  Carmichael (2001)
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              Incidence of skin carcinoma after renal transplantation

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                NEF
                Nephron
                10.1159/issn.1660-8151
                Nephron
                S. Karger AG
                1660-8151
                2235-3186
                2002
                June 2002
                03 June 2002
                : 91
                : 2
                : 188-196
                Affiliations
                Department of Dermatology, Ruhr University Bochum, Germany
                Article
                58391 Nephron 2002;91:188–196
                10.1159/000058391
                12053052
                © 2002 S. Karger AG, Basel

                Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

                Page count
                Figures: 8, References: 25, Pages: 9
                Product
                Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/58391
                Categories
                Nephrology Grand Rounds. Clinical Issues in Nephrology. Section Editors: Ritz, E.; Zeier, ...

                Cardiovascular Medicine, Nephrology

                Skin changes, Renal transplantation, Tumours

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