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      Pathways of fear and anxiety in dentistry: A review.

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          Abstract

          The aim of this article was to analyze the theories underpinning dental fear, anxiety and phobias. To be included, articles must have been published between the years of 1949 and 2013 concerning fears and phobias within dentistry and/or psychiatry. Of 200 articles originally under review, 140 were included and reviewed by the authors.Five specific pathways relating to dental fear and anxiety were identified; Cognitive Conditioning, Informative, Visual Vicarious, Verbal Threat, and Parental. Eight currently accepted management techniques across all dental disciplines for dental fear and anxiety were identified. Further research is required to identify clinical diagnosis and treatment for fears originating from different pathways.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          World J Clin Cases
          World journal of clinical cases
          2307-8960
          Nov 16 2014
          : 2
          : 11
          Affiliations
          [1 ] Ava Elizabeth Carter, Geoff Carter, Roy George, School of Dentistry and Oral Health Griffith University, Southport, Gold Coast, QLD 4215, Australia.
          Article
          10.12998/wjcc.v2.i11.642
          4233415
          25405187
          9d06282f-7a2f-4652-8e87-3e31c51d97f3
          History

          Dentistry,Fear and anxiety,Origin,Phobia,Therapies and management

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