Recurrent intradialytic hypotension is probably the most severely disabling feature in dialysis patients and the etiology is multifactorial. We assessed the efficacy and safety of midodrine, a selective α<sub>1</sub>-adrenergic pressor agent in 12 patients with recurrent intradialytic hypotension. Symptomatic intradialytic hypotension was defined as hypotensive symptoms occurring with a systolic blood pressure < 100 mm Hg or with 25% decrease in systolic blood pressure in those patients with a basal systolic blood pressure of 100 mm Hg. The patients who suffered from symptomatic intradialytic hypotension and failed to improve after cautious body weight adjustment were included into the study. The lowest intradialytic and postdialysis blood pressures were monitored for 18 consecutive dialysis sessions before and after midodrine treatment. Clinical signs and symptoms were also recorded during both periods. With midodrine, the mean ( ± SE) lowest systolic and diastolic blood pressure increased significantly from 68.7 ± 3.1 and 42.8 ± 2.0 mm Hg to 84.7 ± 3.9 and 52.7 ± 2.7 mm Hg respectively during the study (p < 0.01). Midodrine treatment also significantly increased postdialysis systolic and diastolic blood pressures from baseline values of 90.8 ± 3.8 and 58.3 ± 3.0 mm Hg to 113.3 ± 7.1 and 70.6 ± 3.1 mm Hg(p < 0.01 and p < 0.01 respectively). In addition, oral administration of midodrine also significantly decreased the total volume of intravenous fluid administered during symptomatic hypotension. The clinical signs and symptoms during dialysis were improved in all patients. There were no differences in hemoglobin, serum albumin, urea, creatinine, fasting blood sugar or volume removed per dialysis between both periods of the study. In conclusion, our study has demonstrated that midodrine is a safe and effective treatment for the prevention of recurrent intradialytic hypotension if routinely premedicated before each dialysis session.