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      Fibrosis, Myocyte Degeneration and Heart Failure in Chronic Experimental Aortic Regurgitation

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          Abstract

          Myocardial fibrosis and myocyte degeneration have been reported in patients with chronic aortic regurgitation (AR), and may be related to the pathophysiology of congestive heart failure (CHF) in this disease. To define the relationship between myocardial histopathologic variations and CHF in chronic AR, we performed gross and microscopic evaluations of postmortem tissue from a rabbit model of chronic AR manifesting left ventricular (LV) responses to AR similar to those in humans. Moderate-to-severe chronic AR (echocardiographic regurgitant fraction = 52 ± 13%) was induced by closed-chest aortic valve perforation in 11 New Zealand White rabbits; 5 control rabbits were sham operated. Six of the 11 AR rabbits died 1.5 ± 0.8 years (range 0.6–2.8 years) after AR induction; all 6 had gross and histologic anatomic evidence of CHF at necropsy. The remaining 5 AR rabbits survived until sacrifice at 2.9 ± 0.1 years of AR; none had pathologic evidence of CHF. Cardiac hypertrophy and the extent of LV fibrosis and myocyte necrosis all were greatest among the 6 AR CHF rabbits. No inflammatory response was apparent in any animal. Moderate-to-severe chronic experimental AR frequently results in CHF which is strongly associated with myocardial fibrosis and necrosis, without evidence of inflammation. These histopathologic variations may be pathophysiologically related to CHF development.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CRD
          Cardiology
          10.1159/issn.0008-6312
          Cardiology
          S. Karger AG
          0008-6312
          1421-9751
          1998
          October 1998
          28 October 1998
          : 90
          : 2
          : 101-109
          Affiliations
          b Division of Cardiovascular Pathophysiology, Cornell University Medical College, New York Hospital- Cornell Medical Center, and a Caspary Institute for Veterinary Research, New York, N.Y., USA
          Article
          6827 Cardiology 1998;90:101–109
          10.1159/000006827
          9778546
          © 1998 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Figures: 2, Tables: 2, References: 59, Pages: 9
          Categories
          General Cardiology, Basic Science

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