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      Composición, estructura y diversidad de la comunidad arbórea del bosque tropical caducifolio en Tziritzícuaro, Depresión del Balsas, Michoacán, México Translated title: Composition, structure and diversity of Tziritzícuaro tropical dry forest tree community, Balsas Watershed, Michoacán, Mexico

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          Abstract

          Se describe la composición, estructura y diversidad de los árboles del bosque tropical caducifolio en Tziritzícuaro, municipio de La Huacana, en la Depresión del Balsas, Michoacán. Se censaron todos los árboles enraizados dentro de 36 parcelas de 100 m² (0.36 ha) con un diámetro a la altura del pecho (DAP) ≥ 1 cm. Se registraron 78 especies, incluidas en 50 géneros y 24 familias. La familia Fabaceae fue la más importante respecto a su número de especies (24), géneros (14) e individuos (274). En total se registraron 1 013 individuos y 2 313 tallos. Los valores promedio del área basal, cobertura y altura fueron de 0.18 m², 310 m² y 5 m, respectivamente. El número promedio de especies por parcela fue 10, mientras que el valor medio del índice α de Fisher= 8. El bosque tropical caducifolio estudiado comparte características similares a comunidades análogas situadas en otras partes de México y del neotrópico, lo que permite ratificar patrones previamente detectados en la composición, estructura y diversidad de este tipo de vegetación.

          Translated abstract

          We characterized the composition, structure and diversity of tropical dry forest trees at Tziritzícuaro, municipality of La Huacana, in the Depresión del Balsas, Michoacán. We sampled all trees that were rooted inside 36 plots of 100 m² (0.36 ha) with a diameter at breast height (DBH) ≥ 1 cm. A total of 78 species, including 50 genera and 24 families were recorded. Fabaceae was the most important family respect to the number of species (24), genera (14) and individuals (274). It was recorded a total of 1 013 individuals and 2 313 stems. Basal area, cover and height average were of 0.18 m², 310 m² and 5 m, respectively. The average of species richness was of 10 species, with a mean value of Fisher α= 8. The tropical dry forest studied shares comparable characteristics to similar communities located in other parts of Mexico and the Neotropics, this enable to confirm patterns previously detected in the composition, structure and diversity of this vegetation type.

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          Rebuilding community ecology from functional traits.

          There is considerable debate about whether community ecology will ever produce general principles. We suggest here that this can be achieved but that community ecology has lost its way by focusing on pairwise species interactions independent of the environment. We assert that community ecology should return to an emphasis on four themes that are tied together by a two-step process: how the fundamental niche is governed by functional traits within the context of abiotic environmental gradients; and how the interaction between traits and fundamental niches maps onto the realized niche in the context of a biotic interaction milieu. We suggest this approach can create a more quantitative and predictive science that can more readily address issues of global change.
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            Vegetación de México

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              Modificaciones al Sistema de clasificación climática de Koppen.

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Journal
                rmbiodiv
                Revista mexicana de biodiversidad
                Rev. Mex. Biodiv.
                Instituto de Biología (México )
                2007-8706
                2014
                : 85
                : 4
                : 1117-1128
                Affiliations
                [1 ] Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México México
                Article
                S1870-34532014000500013
                10.7550/rmb.43457
                9d645e06-cc9b-41cc-b28c-dfbecaf1f38b

                http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

                History
                Categories
                Biodiversity Conservation

                Animal science & Zoology
                trees,alpha diversity,Fabaceae,importance value,árboles,diversidad alfa,valor de importancia relativa

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