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      Relationship between different roles of school bullying and self-consciousness among adolescents

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          Abstract

          Objective To explore the relationship between different roles of school bullying and self-consciousness among adolescents, and to provide a reference for school bullying prevention and control.

          Methods In Ezhou and Xiaogan, two cities selected randomly from Hubei Province, 4 336 middle school students randomly selected from Ezhou and Xiaogan City in Hubei Province by stratified cluster sampling method during March to October in 2017, were investigated for an anonymous questionnaire survey. The Chinese version of adolescent school violence questionnaire was used to evaluate the different roles in school bullying, and the Self Consciousness Scale (SCS) was used to assess the level of self-awareness.

          Results About 18.9% of the respondents (819) were involved in bullying, among 86 (2.0%) were pure perpetrators, 369 (8.5%) were pure victims, 364 (8.4%) were perpetrator-victims. There were significant differences in public and private self-awareness among different roles of campus bullying ( F=4.05, 2.90, P<0.05). The public self-awareness score of perpetrator-victims was higher than that of the uninvolved. The private self-consciousness score of perpetrator-victims was lower than that of the uninvolved ( P< 0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression showed a negative correlation between private self-awareness and perpetrator-victims. Private self-awareness might reduce the risk of teenagers becoming perpetrator-victims ( OR=0.93, 95% CI=0.91–0.96). A positive correlation between public self-awareness and perpetrator-victims and public self-awareness might increase the risk of adolescents becoming perpetrator-victims ( OR=1.08, 95% CI=1.06–1.11).

          Conclusion Self-awareness is related to different roles of school bullying, and higher public self-awareness and lower private self-awareness are important predictors of perpetrator-victims of school bullying.

          Abstract

          【摘要】 目的 探究青少年自我意识与校园欺凌中不同角色的关系, 为青少年校园欺凌的防治提供依据。 方法 于2017 年3—10月, 在湖北省鄂州市和孝感市采用分层整群抽样方法选取4 336名中学生进行匿名问卷调査, 采用青少年校园暴 力问卷调査校园欺凌角色, 自我意识评价量表(SCS)评估自我意识水平。 结果 青少年卷人校园欺凌检出率为18.9% (819名), 其中单纯欺凌者86名(2.0%), 单纯被欺凌者369名(8.5%), 欺凌-被欺凌者364人(8.4%)。校园欺凌不同角 色青少年的公我意识和私我意识得分差异有统计学意义( F值分别为4.05, 2.90, P值均<0.05)。两两比较结果显示, 欺凌-被欺凌者的公我意识得分髙于未卷人者, 私我意识得分低于未卷人者( P值均<0.05)。多因素Logistic回归结果显示, 私 我意识与欺凌-被欺凌角色呈负相关( OR=0.93, 95% CI=0.91~0.96), 公我意识与欺凌-被欺凌角色呈正相关( OR=1.08, 95% CI=1.06~1.11)。 结论 自我意识与青少年校园欺凌不同角色有关, 较髙的公我意识和较低的私我意识是青少年成为 欺凌-被欺凌角色的重要预测因素。

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CJSH
          Chinese Journal of School Health
          Chinese Journal of School Health (China )
          1000-9817
          01 March 2022
          01 April 2022
          : 43
          : 3
          : 403-406
          Affiliations
          [1] 1Medical College of Shihezi University, Shihezi (832000), Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, China
          Author notes
          *Corresponding author: YU Yizhen, E-mail: yuyizhen650@ 123456163.com
          Article
          j.cnki.1000-9817.2022.03.020
          10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2022.03.020
          9d870e15-23bf-42e5-88bc-6b965a76873d
          © 2022 Chinese Journal of School Health

          This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License (CC BY-NC 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. See https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.

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          Self URI (journal-page): http://www.cjsh.org.cn
          Categories
          Journal Article

          Ophthalmology & Optometry,Pediatrics,Nutrition & Dietetics,Clinical Psychology & Psychiatry,Public health
          Violence,Adolescent,Regression analysis,Mental health,Role,Ego

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