We examined the issue of whether germ cell factors are required for testicular enlargement that occurs after recovery from neonatal hypothyroidism. Experiments were performed using W/Wv mutant mice (lacking germ cells) and normal mice (ICR). The pups in experimental group (neonatal hypothyroid) received 6 propyl 2-thio-uracil (PTU) treatment, administered by adding 0.1% (w/v) to the water provided to the mother from day 1 of birth through day 25 postpartum, while the pups of control group received drinking water only. Mice were sacrificed at the age of day 25, 50 and 90, in the case of ICR mice, or at day 25 and 90 in the case of W/Wv mutant mice. In both groups, early hypothyroidism caused a partial recoverable decrease in body growth and testicular development. Both ICR and W/Wv mutant mice, those recovered from neonatal hypothyroidism showed an increase in testis weights, the number of Sertoli cells, and the diameter of the semniferous tubules. This study demonstrates that neonatal hypothyroidism led recovery caused testicular enlargement not only in ICR mice but also in germ cell depleted W/Wv mutant mice. Hence these findings deny direct involvement of the germ cell factors in the process of testicular enlargement in recovered mice even in vivo, and reaffirm the notion that thyroid hormone directly regulates the dynamics of Sertoli cell maturation.