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      Efficacy of Long-Term Administration of Transdermal Nitroglycerin in Asymptomatic Patients with Effort-Induced Silent Myocardial Ischemia

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          Abstract

          The aim of our study was to investigate the effect of transdermal nitroglycerin (NTG) on effort-induced silent myocardial ischemia in asymptomatic patients treated with beta-blockers or calcium antagonists. The acute effect was compared to two different schedules, continuous (24h/day) or intermittent (16 h/day), of long-term administration. Ten asymptomatic patients with coronary artery disease and a treadmill test positive for ischemia without angina were enrolled. Both acute (2 days) and long-term (24 days) evaluations were conducted in a randomized, double-blind, crossover fashion. The ergometric parameters were collected on the 1st and the 2nd day of the acute phase (placebo and transdermal NTG, respectively) and at the end of each 12-day period of long-term administration (continuous and intermittent, respectively). Transdermal NTG administration acutely increased (p < 0.05) both time to 1-mm ST segment depression (451 ± 43.2 vs. 374 ± 24.1 s) and total exercise time (561.3 ± 43.2vs.419.5 ± 24.5 s). The acute efficacy was maintained over long-term treatment, regardless of the modality of administration. During continuous and intermittent patch application, time to 1-mm ST segment depression was 437.9 ± 30.4 and 422 ± 33.4 s (p = NS vs. acute) and total exercise time was 498.8 ± 30.4 and 495.1 ± 33 s (p = NS vs. acute), respectively. Transdermal NTG increases, both acutely and chronically, exercise tolerance in asymptomatic patients with effort-induced silent myocardial ischemia. With the NTG dose we used, tolerance does not seem to be a problem over long-term administration.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CRD
          Cardiology
          10.1159/issn.0008-6312
          Cardiology
          S. Karger AG
          0008-6312
          1421-9751
          1994
          1994
          18 November 2008
          : 84
          : 4-5
          : 247-254
          Affiliations
          Section of Cardiology, Maggiore Hospital, Bologna, Italy
          Article
          176407 Cardiology 1994;84:247–254
          10.1159/000176407
          8187108
          © 1994 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 8
          Categories
          General Cardiology

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