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      O papel das emoções na relação confiança-exatidão do testemunho Translated title: Le role des emotions dans la rélation confiance-exactitude du témoignage Translated title: The role of emotions in the trust-accuracy relationship during the testimony Translated title: El papel de las emociones en la relación confianza-exactitud del testimonio

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          Abstract

          <p>As emoções interferem com a evocação de acontecimentos importantes, afetando a relação confiança-exatidão (C-E) do testemunho. Foi avaliado o impacto das emoções após a visualização de imagens reais de acidentes de trânsito, bem como a sua influência na evocação posterior, tentando verificar como interferiram com a relação confiança-exatidão. A amostra foi constituída por 150 participantes voluntários com experiência de condução que preencheram questionários de autorrelato do impacto emocional e avaliação de detalhes relativos às imagens apresentadas. Os resultados demonstraram a ausência de relação entre confiança e exatidão no testemunho, tendo os participantes aceito com idêntica confiança conteúdos com informação verdadeira e com informação falsa. As emoções não se correlacionaram com a confiança, embora as emoções de nojo, desprezo e tristeza tenham apresentado uma correlação negativa com a exatidão. Os dados obtidos podem ser úteis no contexto forense.</p>

          Translated abstract

          <title>Résumé</title><p>Les émotions interfèrent dans l'évocation des événements importants et affectent la confiance-précision dans le témoignage. On a évalué l'impact des émotions après la visualisation des images réelles d'accidents de trafic, ainsi que leur influence sur l'évocation ultérieure, en essayant de voir son interférance dans la relation confiance- exactitude. L'échantillon était composé de 150 participants avec expérience de conduite, qui volontairement ont rempli des questionnaires sur l'impact émotionnel et l'évaluation des détails concernant les images présentées. Les résultats ont montré l'absence de relation entre la confiance et l'exactitude dans le témoignage, et les participants ont accepté avec la même confiance les contenues ayant des vraies et des fausses informations. Les émotions n'étaient pas corrélées avec la confiance, bien que les émotions de dégoût, de mépris et de tristesse ont montré une corrélation négative avec l'exactitude. Les données obtenues peuvent être utiles dans le contexte forensique.</p>

          Translated abstract

          <p>Emotions interfere with the recall of major events, affecting the trust-accuracy relationship during the testimony. The impact of emotions after the participants see images of real traffic accident was assessed, as well its influence on posterior recall, trying to verify how they interfere with the trust-accuracy relationship. The sample consisted of 150 participants with driving experience who voluntary fulfilled questionnaires on their emotional impact and details related with the images shown. The results demonstrated the absence of relationship between trust and accuracy in testimony, as the participants accepted with identical belief both true and false information. Emotions do not relate with trust, although emotions such as disgust, contempt and sadness presented a negative correlation with accuracy. The data obtained can be useful in the forensic context.</p>

          Translated abstract

          <p>Las emociones interfieren en la evocación de acontecimientos importantes, afectando la relación confianza-exactitud (C-E) del testimonio. En este artículo se evaluó el impacto de las emociones después de la visualización de imágenes reales de accidentes de tránsito, así como su influencia en la evocación posterior, intentando comprobar cómo interfirieron en la relación confianza-exactitud. La muestra se constituyó por 150 participantes voluntarios con experiencia de conducción, que respondieran a cuestionarios de auto-relato sobre el impacto emocional y la evaluación de los detalles de las imágenes presentadas. Los resultados demostraron la ausencia de relación entre confianza y exactitud en el testimonio, siendo que los participantes aceptaron con igual confianza los contenidos con informaciones verdaderas y falsas. Las emociones no se correlacionan con la confianza, aunque las emociones de asco, desprecio y tristeza hayan manifestado una correlación negativa con la exactitud. Los datos obtenidos pueden tener utilidad para el contexto forense.</p>

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          Most cited references 68

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          The Psychology of Emotions

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            Planting misinformation in the human mind: a 30-year investigation of the malleability of memory.

             E Loftus (2005)
            The misinformation effect refers to the impairment in memory for the past that arises after exposure to misleading information. The phenomenon has been investigated for at least 30 years, as investigators have addressed a number of issues. These include the conditions under which people are especially susceptible to the negative impact of misinformation, and conversely when are they resistant. Warnings about the potential for misinformation sometimes work to inhibit its damaging effects, but only under limited circumstances. The misinformation effect has been observed in a variety of human and nonhuman species. And some groups of individuals are more susceptible than others. At a more theoretical level, investigators have explored the fate of the original memory traces after exposure to misinformation appears to have made them inaccessible. This review of the field ends with a brief discussion of the newer work involving misinformation that has explored the processes by which people come to believe falsely that they experienced rich complex events that never, in fact, occurred.
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              Emotional stress and eyewitness memory: a critical review.

              The eyewitness literature often claims that emotional stress leads to an impairment in memory and, hence, that details of unpleasant emotional events are remembered less accurately than details of neutral or everyday events. A common assumption behind this view is that a decrease in available processing capacity occurs at states of high emotional arousal, which, therefore, leads to less efficient memory processing. The research reviewed here shows that this belief is overly simplistic. Current studies demonstrate striking interactions between type of event, type of detail information, time of test, and type of retrieval information. This article also reviews the literature on memory for stressful events with respect to two major theories: the Yerkes-Dodson law and Easter-brook's cue-utilization hypothesis. To account for the findings from real-life studies and laboratory studies, this article discusses the possibility that emotional events receive some preferential processing mediated by factors related to early perceptual processing and late conceptual processing.
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                Author and article information

                Affiliations
                [1 ] Universidade de Lisboa Portugal
                Contributors
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Journal
                pusp
                Psicologia USP
                Psicol. USP
                Instituto de Psicologia da Universidade de São Paulo (São Paulo )
                1678-5177
                August 2015
                : 26
                : 2
                : 231-239
                S0103-65642015000200231
                10.1590/0103-656420140003

                http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

                Product
                Product Information: SciELO Brazil
                Categories
                PSYCHOLOGY, MULTIDISCIPLINARY

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