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      The prehistory of the Arabian peninsula: deserts, dispersals, and demography.

      Evolutionary Anthropology
      Animals, Anthropology, Physical, Arabia, Biological Evolution, Environment, Fossils, History, Ancient, Hominidae, Humans, Middle East

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          Abstract

          As a geographic connection between Africa and the rest of Eurasia, the Arabian Peninsula occupies a central position in elucidating hominin evolution and dispersals. Arabia has been characterized by extreme environmental fluctuation in the Quaternary, with profound evolutionary and demographic consequences. Despite the importance of the region, Arabia remains understudied. Recent years, however, have seen major developments in environmental studies and archeology, revealing that the region contains important records that should play a significant role in future paleoanthropological narratives.(1-3) The emerging picture of Arabia suggests that numerous dispersals of hominin populations into the region occurred. Populations subsequently followed autochthonous trajectories, creating a distinctive regional archeological record. Debates continue on the respective roles of regional hominin extinctions and population continuity, with the latter suggesting adaptation to arid conditions. Copyright © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          22718479
          10.1002/evan.21308

          Chemistry
          Animals,Anthropology, Physical,Arabia,Biological Evolution,Environment,Fossils,History, Ancient,Hominidae,Humans,Middle East

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