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      Environmental risk-based ranking of solvents using the combination of a multimedia model and multi-criteria decision analysis

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          Abstract

          The environmental distribution and risk ranking of commonly applied solvents were performed to assess their greenness.

          Abstract

          A novel procedure for assessing the environmental risk related to solvent emissions has been developed. The assessment of risk was based on detailed hazard and exposure investigations. The potential exposure related to different environmental phases was calculated using a basic multimedia model, which gives the percentage distribution of solvent in environmental compartments as a result. Specific hazards – toxicological, environmental persistence or photochemical ozone creation data have been assigned to each compartment. The environmental distribution of solvents gives the weights applied in the multicriteria decision analysis, which was applied to obtain the full ranking of solvents. The results show that alcohols and esters can be considered as low environmental risk solvents, whereas chlorinated solvents or aromatic hydrocarbons are the most problematic. The assessment procedure holds promise for solvent selection during process design as well as in finding alternatives to hazardous solvents used in existing processes.

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          Most cited references 43

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          What is a green solvent? A comprehensive framework for the environmental assessment of solvents

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            Expanding GSK's solvent selection guide – embedding sustainability into solvent selection starting at medicinal chemistry

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              Green chemistry tools to influence a medicinal chemistry and research chemistry based organisation

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                GRCHFJ
                Green Chemistry
                Green Chem.
                Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC)
                1463-9262
                1463-9270
                2017
                2017
                : 19
                : 4
                : 1034-1042
                Affiliations
                [1 ]Department of Analytical Chemistry
                [2 ]Chemical Faculty
                [3 ]Gdańsk University of Technology (GUT)
                [4 ]80-233 Gdańsk
                [5 ]Poland
                [6 ]Department of Analytical and Food Chemistry
                [7 ]Faculty of Chemistry
                [8 ]University of Vigo
                [9 ]36310 Vigo
                [10 ]Spain
                Article
                10.1039/C6GC03424A
                © 2017
                Product
                Self URI (article page): http://xlink.rsc.org/?DOI=C6GC03424A

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