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      The molecular circumnuclear disk (CND) in Centaurus A: A multi-transition CO and [CI] survey with Herschel, APEX, JCMT, and SEST

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          Abstract

          We present new CO and C^o line measurements of the compact circumnuclear disk in the center of NGC 128 (Centaurus~A) obtained with the Herschel Space Observatory, as well as SEST, JCMT, and APEX. The Cen A center CO ladder is quite different from those of either star-burst galaxies or AGNs. In addition, the relative intensity of the central Cen A [CI] emission lines is much greate than that in any other galaxy. The CO surface brightness of the compact circumnuclear disk (CND) is significantly higher than that of the much more extended thin disk (ETD) in the same line of sight. Our LVG and PDR/XDR models suggest that much of the CND gas is relatively cool (25 - 80 K) and not very dense (~ 300 cm^{-3}) if the heating is by UV photons, although there is some gas in both the CND and the ETD with a much higher density of ~30 000 cm^{-3}. Finally, there is also high-excitation, high-density phase in the CND (but not in the ETD), either in the form of an extreme PDR but more likely in the form of an XDR. The total gas mass of the Cen A CND is 8.4 x 10^{7} M(sun), uncertain by a factor of two. The CO-H2 conversion factor is 4 x 10^{20} K km/s, also within a factor of two.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          05 February 2014
          Article
          10.1051/0004-6361/201322780
          1402.0999

          http://arxiv.org/licenses/nonexclusive-distrib/1.0/

          Custom metadata
          14 pages, 5 figures; A&A in press
          astro-ph.GA astro-ph.CO

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