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      Spaceborne Regional Surveillance Ground Moving Target Indication Based on Squint-TOPSAR

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          Abstract

          For military or civilian activities, it is important to monitor the direction of moving targets in a wide area. Traditional regional monitoring uses the airborne scanning mode (ScanSAR) within the limits of the national airspace. The inherent characteristics of ScanSAR do not apply to spaceborne regional monitoring. In this paper, the spaceborne regional surveillance Ground Moving Target Indication (GMTI) mode based on squint-TOPSAR is proposed. The proposed method uses the TOPSAR mode that improves the low SNR of spaceborne ScanSAR. The full-aperture imaging algorithm for squint-TOPSAR is used in data focusing. The Displaced Phase Center Antenna (DPCA) and Constant False Alarm Rate (CFAR) methods are used to accomplish the moving target indication. The relation between the interferometric phase and the speed of moving target is used to estimate the speed of the moving target and mark the target location in the SAR image. The differences between real and simulation data are analyzed. The simulation results demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed method.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Journal of Radars
          Chinese Academy of Sciences
          01 August 2015
          : 4
          : 4
          : 401-410
          Affiliations
          [1 ] Institute of Electronics, Chinese Academy of Sciences
          Article
          490ae1c62d9542f79e5cd4a7bbceb03c
          10.12000/JR14130

          This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

          Categories
          Technology (General)
          T1-995

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