Objective To explore the relationship between abuse experience with suicidal ideation and suicide attempts of junior middle school students, and to provide a reference for suicide prevention of junior middle school students.
Methods Cluster sampling method were used to selct 10 289 junior middle school students from 25 districts and counties of Chongqing were included in the analysis of this study from July to September in 2020. And Questionnaire on Abuse in Childhood and Mental Health Scale for Middle School Students were applied to collect the data about demographic information, suicide ideation and behavior.
Results The prevalence of suicidal ideation and suicide attempts among junior middle school students were 20.93% and 10.83%, respectively. Multivariate Logistic regression model found that after controlling for demographic variables and mental health, emotional abuse ( OR = 2.07) and emotional neglect ( OR = 2.03) showed higher correlations with suicidal ideation than the other three types of child-hoodabuse ( OR physical neglect = 1.19, OR physical abuse = 1.60, OR sexual abuse = 1.37, P<0.05); and sexual abuse ( OR = 2.29) and physical neglect ( OR = 1.87) showed higher associations with suicide attempt than the other three types of abuse ( OR emotional abuse = 1.63, OR emotional neglect = 1.59, OR Physical abuse = 1.50, P<0.01).
Conclusion All five types of child abuse were independent risk factors for suicidal ideation and suicide attempts, and emotional neglect and emotional abuse had a greater effect on suicidal ideation, sexual abuse and physical neglect had a greater effect on suicide attempts.
【摘要】 目的 探究受虐待经历对初中生自杀意念和自杀未遂的影响, 为初中生的自杀预防提供依据。 方法 采用随机 整群抽样方式, 从2020年6—9月对重庆市的调研数据中抽取25个区、县的初中生数据, 纳人分析10 289人。使用儿童期 虐待问卷、中学生心理健康量表等进行调査, 并收集人口学信息、自杀意念和自杀行为。 结果 初中生自杀意念的报告率 为20.93%, 自杀未遂的报告率为10.83%。多因素Logistic回归分析显示, 控制人口学变量及心理健康水平后, 情感虐待 ( OR = 2.07)和情感忽视( OR = 2.03)的发生与自杀意念的相关髙于其他3种类型的儿童期虐待( OR 体忽视 = 1.19, OR 躯体虐待 = 1.60, OR 性虐待 = 1.37, P值均<0.05);性虐待( OR = 2.29)和躯体忽视( OR = 1.87)的发生与初中生自杀未遂的相关髙于其他3 种类型的虐待( OR 情感虐待 = 1.63, OR 情感忽视 = 1.59, OR 躯体虐待 = 1.50, P值均<0.01)。 结论 5种类型的虐待对初中生的自杀意 念和自杀未遂均有重要影响, 且情感忽视和情感虐待对自杀意念的影响更大, 性虐待和躯体忽视对自杀未遂的影响更大。