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      Effects of Passive Leadership in the Digital Age

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          Abstract

          Organizations must adapt to the trend of digitalization. Nowadays, social media engagement editors play an increasingly crucial role for organizational growth and prosperity in the digital age. Engagement editors are usually tasked to perform the functions of marketing, content production, and data analysis. They have to manage online communities on behalf of the organization, and encounter online audiences' frequent toxic and aggressive behaviors. Engagement editors thus are prone to emotional stress. Substantial literature has examined the influence of leadership style on employee performance. However, passive leadership is rarely studied. This research investigates (1) whether passive leadership would negatively affect engagement editors' performance (i.e., online interaction with audiences); and (2) how the negativity would be ameliorated by certain organizational policies (i.e., job autonomy) and their individual attributes (i.e., employee resilience) from the conservation of resource perspective. We surveyed 122 engagement editors and used the smartPLS 3.2.9 to analyze the data. This research provides important theoretical and practical implications.

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          Common method biases in behavioral research: A critical review of the literature and recommended remedies.

          Interest in the problem of method biases has a long history in the behavioral sciences. Despite this, a comprehensive summary of the potential sources of method biases and how to control for them does not exist. Therefore, the purpose of this article is to examine the extent to which method biases influence behavioral research results, identify potential sources of method biases, discuss the cognitive processes through which method biases influence responses to measures, evaluate the many different procedural and statistical techniques that can be used to control method biases, and provide recommendations for how to select appropriate procedural and statistical remedies for different types of research settings.
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            Asymptotic and resampling strategies for assessing and comparing indirect effects in multiple mediator models

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              SPSS and SAS procedures for estimating indirect effects in simple mediation models

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Journal
                Front Psychol
                Front Psychol
                Front. Psychol.
                Frontiers in Psychology
                Frontiers Media S.A.
                1664-1078
                26 August 2021
                2021
                : 12
                Affiliations
                [1] 1Executive Master of Business Administration Program, Da-Yeh University , Changhua, Taiwan
                [2] 2International Business School Suzhou, Xi'an Jiao Tong Liverpool University , Suzhou, China
                [3] 3Department of Marketing and Tourism Management, National Chiayi University , Chiayi, Taiwan
                Author notes

                Edited by: María del Carmen Giménez-Espert, University of Valencia, Spain

                Reviewed by: Eleni Mavragani, University of Macedonia, Greece; Mochammad Fahlevi, Binus University, Indonesia

                *Correspondence: Gloria H. W. Liu glorialiu2007@ 123456gmail.com

                This article was submitted to Organizational Psychology, a section of the journal Frontiers in Psychology

                Article
                10.3389/fpsyg.2021.701047
                8426598
                9e4c0c81-34a0-4cea-8bee-7c736a17c40f
                Copyright © 2021 Wang, Liu and Lee.

                This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

                Page count
                Figures: 2, Tables: 3, Equations: 0, References: 104, Pages: 12, Words: 9182
                Categories
                Psychology
                Original Research

                Clinical Psychology & Psychiatry
                social media,online emotional labor,passive leadership,job autonomy,resilience

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