+1 Recommend
1 collections
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found

      Humoral Immune Responses in Uremia and the Role of IL-10

      Blood Purification

      S. Karger AG

      Chronic kidney failure, Atherosclerosis, Chronic inflammation, C-reactive protein, Cytokines, Metabolism

      Read this article at

          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.


          Chronic renal failure severely influences the immune functions of the host. Recent work has shown that uremic intoxication as well as its treatment alters distinct aspects of immunity and that the organism has certain mechanisms to compensate, at least in part, for these influences. Failure of the humoral branch of immune function becomes apparent when vaccinations are applied to the dialysis patient. Severely impaired vaccine responses are common, particularly against hepatitis B, tetanus, or influenza. In contrast, patients with chronic renal failure may develop adequate humoral responses against vaccines such as pneumococcus. The degree of impairment of humoral responses is related to the antigen’s dependence on T-helper lymphocyte activation, which is high for hepatitis or influenza, and low for large polysaccharide antigens. T-helper cell activation on the other hand is greatly influenced by inflammatory processes, e.g. the secretion of cytokines such as interleukin (IL-)-1 or IL-6. These inflammatory processes are induced by uremic toxins and contacts between blood and extracorporeal surfaces of the dialysis equipment. They are subject to the body’s compensatory mechanisms for inflammation, which are mainly based on the anti- inflammatory cytokine IL-10. Genetically determined differences in the secretion capacity for this compensatory cytokine strongly influence humoral immunity in the patient with chronic renal failure and thus allow the definition of a high-risk group for infection and vaccine nonresponse.

          Related collections

          Author and article information

          Blood Purif
          Blood Purification
          S. Karger AG
          30 August 2002
          : 20
          : 5
          : 485-488
          Medical Department IV, University of the Saarland, Homburg, Germany
          63553 Blood Purif 2002;20:485–488
          © 2002 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Figures: 1, References: 10, Pages: 4
          Self URI (application/pdf):


          Comment on this article