Background/Aims: We derived a novel equation for calculating weekly urea standard Kt/V (stdKt/V) during hemodialysis (HD) based on urea mass removed, comparable to the approach during peritoneal dialysis. Methods: Theoretical consideration of urea mass balance during HD led to the following equation for stdKt/V, namely, stdKt/V = N × (URR + UFV/V), where N is the number of treatments per week, URR is urea reduction ratio per treatment, UFV is ultrafiltration volume per treatment, and V is postdialysis urea distribution volume. URR required corrections for postdialysis rebound and intradialytic urea generation. We compared the accuracy of this approach with previous equations for stdKt/V by numerical simulations using a 2-compartment model of urea kinetics for thrice-weekly and more frequent HD prescriptions. Results: The proposed equation based on urea mass removed predicted values of stdKt/V that are equivalent to those calculated by previous equations for stdKt/V. Conclusion: This work provides a novel approach for calculating stdKt/V during HD and strengthens the theoretical understanding of stdKt/V.