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      Neuraminidase and Contractile Responses to Norepinephrine in Rat Tail Artery

      ,

      Journal of Vascular Research

      S. Karger AG

      Potassium chloride, Calcium, Angiotensin II, Sialic acid, Caffeine

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          Abstract

          Sialic acids are negatively charged groups in the carbohydrate side chains of glycolipids and glycoproteins which line the external membrane surface. The goal of this study was to characterize the effect of neuraminidase, which selectively cleaves sialic acids, on contractile activity in vascular smooth muscle. Helically cut strips of rat tail artery were mounted in an organ chamber and isometric contractions were recorded. Following treatment with neuraminidase (0.2 U/ml, 1 h), contractile responses to norepinephrine were significantly greater than control responses. Phasic contractions to norepinephrine in calcium-free medium were not altered by neuraminidase, whereas following calcium depletion with EGTA, contractile responses to added calcium were greater in enzyme-treated strips than in control when activated with norepinephrine. The augmentation of norepinephrine-induced contractions following neuraminidase treatment was reversed by incubation of the arterial strips with N-acetylneuraminic acid (10<sup>-4</sup> M). Neuraminidase had no effect on contractile responses to potassium chloride, angiotensin II, and caffeine. Biochemical assay indicated that approximately 63% of the total sialic acid residues were removed from the arterial strips during incubation with the enzyme. It is concluded that a component for the control of the transmembrane calcium movement in response to norepinephrine is dependent on the presence of sialic acid residues.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          JVR
          J Vasc Res
          10.1159/issn.1018-1172
          Journal of Vascular Research
          S. Karger AG
          1018-1172
          1423-0135
          1984
          1984
          23 September 2008
          : 21
          : 1
          : 1-11
          Affiliations
          Department of Physiology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Mich., USA
          Article
          158489 Blood Vessels 1984;21:1–11
          10.1159/000158489
          © 1984 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 11
          Categories
          Research Paper

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