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Solubilization of carbon nanotubes by Nafion toward the preparation of amperometric biosensors.

Journal of the American Chemical Society

Solubility, chemistry, Oxidoreductases, Oxidation-Reduction, Nanotubes, Carbon, Hydrogen Peroxide, Fluorocarbon Polymers, Electrodes, methods, Biosensing Techniques

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      Abstract

      The ability to solubilize single-wall and multiwall carbon nanotubes (CNT) in the presence of the perfluorinated polymer Nafion is described. Such use of Nafion as a solubilizing agent for CNT overcomes a major obstacle for creating CNT-based biosensing devices. Their association with Nafion does not impair the electrocatalytic properties of CNT. The resulting CNT/Nafion modified glassy-carbon electrodes exhibit a strong and stable electrocatalytic response toward hydrogen peroxide. The marked acceleration of the hydrogen peroxide redox process is very attractive for the operation of oxidase-based amperometric biosensors, as illustrated for the highly selective low-potential (-0.05 V vs Ag/AgCl) biosensing of glucose. These findings open the door for using CNT in a wide range of chemical sensors and nanoscale electronic devices.

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      Journal
      10.1021/ja028951v
      12603125

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