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      Cesare Musatti’s Phenomenological Research on Stereokinetic Phenomena

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      European Yearbook of the History of Psychology

      Brepols Publishers

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          Abstract

          Visual perception is one of the most important fields of psychological investigation in the twentieth century, which in Italy also generated a solid tradition of research. In this regard, the contribution offered by Italian experimental phenomenology (especially as a method applied to the study of perceptual phenomena) is particularly significant and original. The aim of this paper is to investigate the pioneering phenomenological-experimental research of the Italian psychologist and psychoanalyst Cesare Musatti on stereokinesis (perception of three-dimensional reality from the motion of two-dimensional patterns) from a historical and epistemological point of view, and to highlight its critical and constructive aspects as well as the various opportunities for their development within the framework of contemporary psychological research.

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          Most cited references32

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          Experimentelle Studien über das Sehen von Bewegung

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            The perceptual buildup of three-dimensional structure from motion.

            We present a set of psychophysical experiments that measure the accuracy of perceived three-dimensional (3-D) structure derived from relative motion in the changing two-dimensional image. The experiments are motivated in part by a computational model proposed by Ullman (1984), called the incremental rigidity scheme, in which an accurate 3-D structure is built up incrementally, by considering images of moving objects over an extended time period. Our main conclusions are: First, the human visual system can derive an accurate model of the relative depths of moving points, even in the presence of noise in their image positions; second, the accuracy of the 3-D model improves with time, eventually reaching a plateau; and third, the 3-D structure currently perceived appears to depend on previous 3-D models. Through computer simulations, we relate the results of our psychophysical experiments with the predictions of Ullman's model.
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              Tiefenerscheinungen in optischen Bewegungsfeldern

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                eyhp
                eyhp
                European Yearbook of the History of Psychology
                Brepols Publishers
                2295-5267
                2507-0304
                January 2019
                : 5
                : 113-135
                Article
                10.1484/J.EYHP.5.118913
                9ec467f2-c9e1-4516-b8f0-c738574da620
                Product
                Self URI (journal page): https://www.brepolsonline.net/loi/eyhp

                Psychology, Anthropology, Clinical Psychology & Psychiatry

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