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      Glossa: a journal of general linguistics
      Ubiquity Press, Ltd.

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          *ABA and the combinatorics of morphological features

          In several three cell paradigms, it has been observed that one logically conceivable pattern – ABA under some arrangement of cells – is unattested. Existing approaches assume that such *ABA generalizations provide evidence for feature inventories which are restricted to features that stand in containment relations, and are thus subject to Pāṇinian rule order. We present a novel approach to *ABA generalizations that derives from general properties of feature-based morphology. To this end, we develop a formal account of the widespread view that morphological paradigms derive from rules that relate abstract features from an inventory to morphological exponents. We demonstrate that the feature-based view restricts the space of typological patterns even without any further assumptions. We show furthermore that the feature-based theory derives *ABA as a special case of a broader class of generalizations if the number of features in the inventory must be minimal, and that these generalizations arise under a variety of general assumptions about feature-algebras (extrinsically ordered or Pāṇinian and with or without feature intersection). We discuss which explanation might be correct for actual cases of *ABA constraints, and we explore the consequences of the feature-based general approach for a range of paradigm sizes including those with more than three cells.
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              Deconstructing categories syncretic with the nominal complementizer

              This paper investigates the internal structure of categories syncretic with the complementizer from a nanosyntactic perspective (cf. Starke 2009 ; 2014 ; Caha 2009 ). The (emotive factive) that- complementizer in Germanic, Romance, Hellenic, Slavic and Finno-Ugric languages has the same morphophonological form as other nominal categories, like demonstrative, interrogative, relative pronouns and indeterminate nouns. We claim that this homophony is not accidental. We also argue that these elements are internally complex and composed of syntactico-semantic features which are hierarchically ordered according to a functional sequence. More specifically, the internal structure can be considered essentially trimorphemic, being composed of (i) a lexical core or base which in our data is nominal (the nominal core called simply n ), (ii) an inflectional ending (which we label Infl or Φ), and (iii) a functional morpheme which resembles an article of sorts and often (but not always) appears as a prefix (which we label simply F). The n and Infl components in the structures studied here are invariant and can be shown to be quite small, while F, on the other hand, crucially varies in size, depending on the function of the relevant morpheme involved (Dem, Comp, Rel, Wh or Indet). Importantly languages may lexicalize each of these components ( n , Infl, and F) in different ways. Evidence for the fseq we are advocating comes from crosslinguistic patterns of syncretism and morphological containment.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Glossa: a journal of general linguistics
                Ubiquity Press, Ltd.
                2397-1835
                March 04 2020
                March 04 2020
                2020
                March 04 2020
                March 04 2020
                2020
                : 5
                : 1
                Article
                10.5334/gjgl.1114
                9ee06413-8f4f-4817-be6c-02a45318cfdd
                © 2020

                This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC-BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. See https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

                History

                General linguistics,Linguistics & Semiotics
                General linguistics, Linguistics & Semiotics

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