Objective The proposal of this study is to determine the feasibility of using online social software to guide popular opinion leaders (POLs) among young students MSM (men who have sex with men, MSM) carrying out comprehensive AIDS prevention in young students MSM.
Methods From November to December 2019 in Tianjin, 22 POLs who had previously experienced AIDS prevention education and training foucus on life skills were recruited. Though snowball sampling method, 100 POLs’ partners (friends, sexual partners, classmates, etc) were invited into the study. From January to March 2020, regular posters will be sent through the WeChat platfonn to guide POL to intervene their partners/sexual partners. The questionnaire surveys were conducted before and after the intervention.
Results After the intervention, both the proportion of young students MSM had sex and with multiple sex partners decreased (χ 2 = 12.12, 5.94, P<0.05). The comprehensive ability of AIDS prevention has improved significantly, the "National Eight Items" correct rate has risen from 90.0% to 99.0% (χ 2 = 5.82, 7.56, P<0.05), and the "Youth Eight Items" correct rate has increased from 86.0% to 98.0% ( P<0.01). Knowledge score increased from (11.08±1.89) to (11.84±1.27); Attitude score increased from (54.29±4.01) to (56.06±3.75), the behavior score increased from (52.12±4.78) to (55.08±4.25), skill score increased from (51.96±4.75) to (54.67±5.04), The comprehensive prevention ability score (percent) increased from (87.30 ±6.95) to (91.86±5.42) ( t = −4.21, −3.51, −5.32, −5.16, −6.45, P<0.01).
Conclusion Using Wechat platform to guide POL carrying out comprehensive AIDS prevention is effective for improving the comprehensive AIDS prevention ability of young students MSM.
【摘要】 目的 利用微信平台指导青年学生男男性行为人群 (men who have sex with men, MSM)中大众意见领袖 (popular opinion leader, POL)开展预防艾滋病综合能力的同伴干预及其效果评价, 为开展艾滋病预防教育提供参考依据。 方法 2019年11一12月, 以天津为中心, 招募参与过前期以生活技能为核心的艾滋病预防教育培训的POL 22名, 并通过滚雪球 法, 将POL招募的100名同伴或性伴纳人研究。2020年1一3月, 通过微信平台定期发送海报, 指导POL对招募的同伴/性 伴的艾滋病预防能力进行干预, 并分别在干预前后进行问卷调查。 结果 干预后, 青年学生MSM发生性行为、多性伴的比 例下降 (χ 2 值分别为 12.12,5.94, P 值均<0.05) ；POL同伴的预防艾滋病综合能力明显提升, “国八条”知晓率由90.0%提高 至 99.0%, “青八条”知晓率由86.0%提高至98.0% (χ 2值分别为 5.82,7.56, P 值均<0.05)。 知识 得分由 (11.08± 1.89)分提 高至 (11.84±1.27)分, 态度得分由(54.29±4.01)分提高至(56.06±3.75)分, 行为得分由(52.12±4.78)分提高至(55.08±4.25)分, 技能得分由 (51.96±4.75)分提高至 (54.67±5.04)分, 预防艾滋病综合能力得分 (百分制) 由 (87.30±6.95)分上升至 (91.86±5.42)分 ( t 值分别为-4.21, -3.51, -5.32, -5.16, -6.55, P 值均<0.01)。 结论 通过微信平台指导POL开展预防艾 滋病教育干预, 对提高同伴的预防艾滋病综合能力有效。