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      Does the Endothelium Play a Role in Flow-Dependent Constriction?

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          Abstract

          We studied the role of the endothelium in diameter changes as a function of flow of the isolated femoral artery of the rabbit (n = 15) perfused and superfused with a physiological salt solution (37 °C). In 10 vessels, diameters were studied before and after exposure to gossypol, an agent that impairs the endothelial function pharmacologically. In 5 of these 10 vessels we added albumin (1.5%) to the perfusion solution. The mean external diameter (±SEM) after equilibration for 60 min at a transmural pressure of 50 cm H<sub>2</sub>O (n = 10) was: 1,426 ± 34 µ M Vessels were then constricted with norepinephrine (1.0–1.5 µ M in the supervision solution) to 70% of the resting diameter, acetylcholine was used to check endothelial function. All vessels constricted as flow was increased (p < 0.001), irrespective of the impairment of the endothelial function by gossypol or the presence of albumin. It is therefore unlikely that the flow-induced constriction results from a ‘wash away’ effect of endothelium-derived relaxing factor (EDRF). To test whether EDRF could still play a role after gossypol, we used hemoglobin (n = 5) to bind EDRF. Flow-dependent constriction was still observed, although the mean diameter was decreased. We conclude that flow-dependent constriction is either mediated via the endothelial cells, but not via EDRF, or that the endothelial cells are not involved.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          JVR
          J Vasc Res
          10.1159/issn.1018-1172
          Journal of Vascular Research
          S. Karger AG
          1018-1172
          1423-0135
          1989
          1989
          23 September 2008
          : 26
          : 6
          : 368-376
          Affiliations
          Laboratory for Physiology, Free University, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
          Article
          158787 Blood Vessels 1989;26:368–376
          10.1159/000158787
          © 1989 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 9
          Categories
          Research Paper

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