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      Emergence and Evolution of the Circadian Rhythm of Melatonin in Children

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          Abstract

          Objective: To assess the age at which the circadian rhythm of melatonin begins. Methods: 55 children, divided into groups from the neonatal period to 24 months of life, were studied. Urine samples were taken from 28 newborn babies to measure 6-sulfatoxymelatonin (aMT6s). Salivary samples were collected from infants (27 cases), to measure melatonin (aMT). aMT was measured by RIA and aMT6s by ELISA using commercial kits. Changes in the levels of aMT6s and aMT were evaluated using the Friedman test and Wilcoxon matched pair test. Results: The group aged 27–41 days showed statistically significant differences in daily aMT6s and aMT concentrations. The highest values were always found between 24.00 and 8.00 h. This day/night difference persisted from 2–3 to 13–24 months of age. Conclusion: The data indicate that the circadian melatonin rhythm appears at the end of the neonatal period and persists thereafter.

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          Most cited references 6

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          Development of melatonin production in infants and the impact of prematurity

           D Kennaway (1992)
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            Daily and seasonal variations in the concentration of melatonin in the human pineal gland

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              Measurement of Urinary Melatonin: A Useful Tool for Monitoring Serum Melatonin after Its Oral Administration

               J. Kovács (2000)
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                HRE
                Horm Res Paediatr
                10.1159/issn.1663-2818
                Hormone Research in Paediatrics
                S. Karger AG
                1663-2818
                1663-2826
                2003
                2003
                20 February 2003
                : 59
                : 2
                : 66-72
                Affiliations
                Departments of aPediatrics and bBiochemistry, Cellular Biology and Physiology, University Hospital, University of Valladolid, Spain
                Article
                68571 Horm Res 2003;59:66–72
                10.1159/000068571
                12589109
                © 2003 S. Karger AG, Basel

                Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

                Page count
                Figures: 3, Tables: 2, References: 32, Pages: 7
                Categories
                Original Paper

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