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      H4N8 subtype avian influenza virus isolated from shorebirds contains a unique PB1 gene and causes severe respiratory disease in mice

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          Abstract

          H4N8 subtype avian influenza viruses were isolated from shorebirds in eastern Hokkaido. All the isolates shared >99.7% nucleotide homology, and all the viral genes except for PB1 were highly related to those of A/red-necked stint/Australia/1/04. Thus, the isolates were regarded as PB1 reassortants. The most similar PB1 gene was identified in A/mallard/New Zealand/1615-17/04 (H4N6) with nucleotide homology of 90.9%. BALB/c mice intranasally inoculated with the H4N8 isolates developed severe respiratory disease, which eventually led to death in some mice. The virus was isolated from the lungs, and viral antigen was detected in the lungs with pneumonia. Other H4 subtype viruses tested did not cause any symptoms in mice, although these viruses were also isolated from the lungs. The PB2 gene of the H4N8 isolates contains K482R, but not the E627K or D701N substitutions. The PB1-F2 gene of the isolates consists of a 101-amino acid unique sequence, but lacks the N66S mutation. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Virology
          Virology
          Elsevier BV
          00426822
          February 2012
          February 2012
          : 423
          : 1
          : 77-88
          Article
          10.1016/j.virol.2011.11.019
          3253874
          22192630
          © 2012

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