Objective To understand cognitive flexibility among college students with childhood neglected experience, and to provide a thoretical basis and data reference for the study of cognitive characteristics of neglected people and its intervention.
Methods A total of 719 college students were surveyed using the Childhood Neglect Scale, and were screened through Childhood Neglect Scale. Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST) and Verbal Fluency Test (VFT) were adminstered among those with childhood neglect to understand the responding flexibility and spontaneous flexibility.
Results The proportion of subjects with neglect experience was 43.74%. Boys, non-only children, students in rural areas neglect experience were higher( P<0.05). The neglect experience of childhood affects the individual, s response flexibility ( t = 2.22, P<0.05), as well as spontaneous flexibility ( t = -2.17, P<0.05).
Conclusion Childhood neglect experience has a negative impact on cognitive flexibility.
【摘要】 目的 了解有儿童期忽视经历者的认知灵活性特点, 为受忽视人群认知特点的研究及其干预提供理论依据 和数据参考。 方法 使用《儿童忽视量表》对通化师范学院 719 名在校大学生进行问卷调査, 并筛选出心理忽视阳性的被 试 28 名, 进行威斯康辛卡片分类测验 (WCST) 和言语流畅性测验 (VFT), 分别了解受忽视者的反应灵活性和自发灵活性。 结果 有忽视经历的被试比例为 43.74%。男生、非独生子、农村地区学生忽视经历得分较髙 ( P 值均<0.05)。儿童期的忽 视经历影响个体的反应灵活性 ( t = 2.22, P<0.05)。儿童期的忽视经历影响个体的自发灵活性 ( t = -2.17, P<0.05)。 结论 儿童期忽视经历对个体的认知灵活性产生了不良影响。