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      Effects of salinity and nitrogen on cotton growth in arid environment

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      Plant and Soil

      Springer Nature

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          Mechanisms of salinity tolerance.

          The physiological and molecular mechanisms of tolerance to osmotic and ionic components of salinity stress are reviewed at the cellular, organ, and whole-plant level. Plant growth responds to salinity in two phases: a rapid, osmotic phase that inhibits growth of young leaves, and a slower, ionic phase that accelerates senescence of mature leaves. Plant adaptations to salinity are of three distinct types: osmotic stress tolerance, Na(+) or Cl() exclusion, and the tolerance of tissue to accumulated Na(+) or Cl(). Our understanding of the role of the HKT gene family in Na(+) exclusion from leaves is increasing, as is the understanding of the molecular bases for many other transport processes at the cellular level. However, we have a limited molecular understanding of the overall control of Na(+) accumulation and of osmotic stress tolerance at the whole-plant level. Molecular genetics and functional genomics provide a new opportunity to synthesize molecular and physiological knowledge to improve the salinity tolerance of plants relevant to food production and environmental sustainability.
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            KMCLib A general framework for lattice kinetic Monte Carlo (KMC) simulations

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              Principles of Plant Nutrition

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Plant and Soil
                Plant Soil
                Springer Nature
                0032-079X
                1573-5036
                January 2010
                January 21 2009
                January 2010
                : 326
                : 1-2
                : 61-73
                Article
                10.1007/s11104-008-9881-0
                © 2010
                Product

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