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Effects of salinity and nitrogen on cotton growth in arid environment

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Plant and Soil

Springer Nature

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      Mechanisms of salinity tolerance.

      The physiological and molecular mechanisms of tolerance to osmotic and ionic components of salinity stress are reviewed at the cellular, organ, and whole-plant level. Plant growth responds to salinity in two phases: a rapid, osmotic phase that inhibits growth of young leaves, and a slower, ionic phase that accelerates senescence of mature leaves. Plant adaptations to salinity are of three distinct types: osmotic stress tolerance, Na(+) or Cl() exclusion, and the tolerance of tissue to accumulated Na(+) or Cl(). Our understanding of the role of the HKT gene family in Na(+) exclusion from leaves is increasing, as is the understanding of the molecular bases for many other transport processes at the cellular level. However, we have a limited molecular understanding of the overall control of Na(+) accumulation and of osmotic stress tolerance at the whole-plant level. Molecular genetics and functional genomics provide a new opportunity to synthesize molecular and physiological knowledge to improve the salinity tolerance of plants relevant to food production and environmental sustainability.
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        KMCLib A general framework for lattice kinetic Monte Carlo (KMC) simulations

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          Principles of Plant Nutrition

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            Author and article information

            Journal
            Plant and Soil
            Plant Soil
            Springer Nature
            0032-079X
            1573-5036
            January 2010
            January 21 2009
            January 2010
            : 326
            : 1-2
            : 61-73
            10.1007/s11104-008-9881-0
            © 2010
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