According to a growing body of research from scientists all over the world, the Earth is heading towards a global catastrophe. Polar ice caps are melting due to rising global temperatures and there have been many consequences for our oceans. The impact of human activity on the oceans has led to growing acidity of the water, as well as rising sea levels. Pollution and physical damage from human activities such as dredging and shipping have hit marine life hard, reducing animal and plant populations and decreasing species diversity. This reduction in key marine components such as the seaweed beds has a massive impact on other species, causing ripple effects that can be felt by humans. Providing food, shelter and breeding grounds for fish, squid, crustaceans and many other organisms, a decrease in the seaweed forests directly correlates to a reduction in sea life in the area, which affects the marine environment as a whole as well threatening the local fishing industry. Scientists have been trying to tackle this damage to the seaweed beds by developing ways in which to re-seed areas of the seabed. A variety of approaches have been taken to growing new seaweed to restore these habitats, but many of these methods are expensive and labour intensive. Associate Professor Masataka Kusube, from the Department of Applied Chemistry and Biochemistry, National Institute Technology at Wakayama College in Japan, is working with a number of industrial partners, including Mitsui Chemicals Inc. to produce large scale marine microbe cultures by pilot test facility and KYC Machine Industry Co., Ltd. to generate large scale marine bio-cement production, Kusube and his team have developed an innovative material dubbed ‘marine bio-cement’ to support the growth of eelgrass in the waters surrounding Japan.