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      El conocimiento pedagógico del contenido de estadística en profesores de primaria Translated title: Pedagogical knowledge of statistics content among primary school teachers

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          Abstract

          En este estudio desarrollamos un cuestionario sobre el saber del profesor de primaria en su conocimiento disciplinario de estadística y en su conocimiento para llevar a cabo la enseñanza de la estadística, centrado en el conocimiento del profesor en relación al saber estadístico del alumno y la enseñanza del contenido estadístico. Se incluyeron tres elementos de la educación estadística: comprensión gráfica, diferenciación de niveles cognitivos y comprensión generada al cambiar de sistemas de representación. La construcción de los ítems del cuestionario integró dichos elementos con los conocimientos sobre los errores y dificultades comunes de los alumnos en el aprendizaje de la Estadística y de la Probabilidad. El cuestionario considera un total de catorce ítems y fue aplicado a 85 profesores de educación primaria y a sus respectivos alumnos (de grados 4 y 7), pertenecientes a escuelas chilenas. El cuestionario posee validez de contenido otorgada por ocho expertos. Se presenta el cuestionario completo, y a partir de dos ítems se muestran los resultados de los profesores y de sus alumnos. Se propone al formador de profesores promover actividades de generación de ítems, para que los futuros profesores reflexionen sobre la enseñanza del contenido estadístico y construyan un conocimiento respecto al saber estadístico del alumno.

          Translated abstract

          In this study, we developed a questionnaire on the knowledge of Statistics among primary school teachers and their knowledge of how to teach statistics. This questionnaire focused on teacher awareness of student statistical knowledge and the teaching of statistical content. Three items related to statistical education were included: graph comprehension, differentiation between cognitive levels, and the understanding that arises from changing representational systems. When constructing questionnaire items, these features were included along with information on typical mistakes and difficulties experienced by students learning statistics and probability. The questionnaire comprised a total of 14 items and was administered to 85 primary school teachers and their respective students (n = 994) in Chilean schools. The content validity of the questionnaire was confirmed by 8 experts. The entire questionnaire is not included, and teacher and student performance are given for 2 of its items. Teacher trainers are advised to promote item-generation activities for future teachers to reflect on the teaching of statistical content and to build their awareness of student statistical knowledge.

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          Statistical Thinking in Empirical Enquiry

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            Three Coefficients for Analyzing the Reliability and Validity of Ratings

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              Introduction – the rationale for reading about ‘chemical knowledge for teaching’

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Journal
                ep
                Educação e Pesquisa
                Educ. Pesqui.
                Faculdade de Educação da Universidade de São Paulo (São Paulo, SP, Brazil )
                1517-9702
                1678-4634
                June 2015
                : 41
                : 2
                : 477-493
                Affiliations
                [1] Valparaíso Valparaíso orgnamePontificia Universidad Católica de Valparaíso Chile soledad.estrellaucv.cl, raimundo.olfosucv.cl, arturo.mena@ 123456ucv.cl
                Article
                S1517-97022015000200477
                10.1590/s1517-97022015041858
                9fe3da3b-1a57-43b8-90a5-7e3829a9378b

                This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 International License.

                History
                : 25 March 2014
                : 26 June 2014
                Page count
                Figures: 0, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 52, Pages: 17
                Product

                SciELO Brazil


                Statistics teaching,Didactics of mathematics,Pedagogical content Knowledge,Statistical education,Instrument,Questionnaire,Enseñanza de la estadística,Didáctica de la estadística,Conocimiento pedagógico del contenido,Educación estadística,Instrumento,Cuestionario

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