To determine the association between household participation in a community garden
and fruit and vegetable consumption among urban adults.
Data were analyzed from a cross-sectional random phone survey conducted in 2003. A
quota sampling strategy was used to ensure that all census tracts within the city
Fruit and vegetable intake was measured using questionnaire items from the Behavioral
Risk Factor Surveillance System. Household participation in a community garden was
assessed by asking the respondent if he or she, or any member of the household, had
participated in a community garden project in the last year.
Generalized linear models and logistic regression models assessed the association
between household participation in a community garden and fruit and vegetable intake,
controlling for demographic, neighborhood participation, and health variables.
Adults with a household member who participated in a community garden consumed fruits
and vegetables 1.4 more times per day than those who did not participate, and they
were 3.5 times more likely to consume fruits and vegetables at least 5 times daily.
Household participation in a community garden may improve fruit and vegetable intake
among urban adults.