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      Grand Challenges in Global Health: Community Engagement in Research in Developing Countries

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          Abstract

          The authors argue that there have been few systematic attempts to determine the effectiveness of community engagement in research.

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          Most cited references22

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          What makes clinical research in developing countries ethical? The benchmarks of ethical research.

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            What is community? An evidence-based definition for participatory public health.

            Increased emphasis on community collaboration indicates the need for consensus regarding the definition of community within public health. This study examined whether members of diverse US communities described community in similar ways. To identify strategies to support community collaboration in HIV vaccine trials, qualitative interviews were conducted with 25 African Americans in Durham, NC; 26 gay men in San Francisco, Calif; 25 injection drug users in Philadelphia, Pa; and 42 HIV vaccine researchers across the United States. Verbatim responses to the question "What does the word community mean to you?" were analyzed. Cluster analysis was used to identify similarities in the way community was described. A common definition of community emerged as a group of people with diverse characteristics who are linked by social ties, share common perspectives, and engage in joint action in geographical locations or settings. The participants differed in the emphasis they placed on particular elements of the definition. Community was defined similarly but experienced differently by people with diverse backgrounds. These results parallel similar social science findings and confirm the viability of a common definition for participatory public health.
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              Strategies for academic and clinician engagement in community-participatory partnered research.

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                PLoS Med
                pmed
                PLoS Medicine
                Public Library of Science (San Francisco, USA )
                1549-1277
                1549-1676
                September 2007
                11 September 2007
                : 4
                : 9
                : e273
                Author notes
                * To whom correspondence should be addressed: paulina.tindana@ 123456utoronto.ca
                Article
                06-PLME-PF-1003R2
                10.1371/journal.pmed.0040273
                1989740
                17850178
                a029be84-cdce-466e-94ab-adb07feb959a
                Copyright: © 2007 Tindana et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
                History
                Page count
                Pages: 5
                Categories
                Policy Forum
                Infectious Diseases
                Infectious Diseases
                Non-Clinical Medicine
                Non-Clinical Medicine
                Public Health and Epidemiology
                Public Health and Epidemiology
                Public Health and Epidemiology
                Public Health and Epidemiology
                Public Health and Epidemiology
                Public Health and Epidemiology
                Research Methods
                Public Health
                International Health
                Communication in Health Care
                Medicine in Developing Countries
                Custom metadata
                Tindana PO, Singh JA, Tracy CS, Upshur REG, Daar AS, et al. (2007) Grand Challenges in Global Health: Community engagement in research in developing countries. PLoS Med 4(9): e273. doi: 10.1371/journal.pmed.0040273
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                Medicine
                Medicine

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