Blog
About

0
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
1 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found

      Nonenzymic Glycation of Isolated Human Glomerular Basement Membrane Changes Its Physicochemical Characteristics and Binding Properties

      Read this article at

      ScienceOpenPublisherPubMed
      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          The chronic hyperglycemia in diabetes mellitus enhances the nonenzymic glycation of structural proteins possibly increasing the formation of highly reactive advanced glycation end products (AGE). These protein changes might be involved in tissue-damaging mechanisms leading to diabetic complications, including diabetic nephropathy. To simulate these events, an in vitro model, based on isolated human glomerular basement membrane (hGBM), has been developed. In this study we have investigated the extent of AGE formation and the binding changes induced by the nonenzymic glycation of hGBM. An enriched fraction of hGBM was isolated from normal human kidneys and glycated in vitro by incubation with glucose (500 mmol/l) at 37 <sup>°</sup>C for 10 days. The presence of AGE was investigated by two methods – spectrofluores-cence and the diazonium salt reaction – both specific for this type of chemical entity. The binding capacity of glycated hGBM was tested by a 10-day incubation with human insulin, albumin, immunoglobulin G and fibrinogen. Higher relative spectrofluorescence values at 440 nm emission (20.0 ± 2.0 vs. 12.5 ± 5.0) and higher absorbance values at 492 nm (0.798 ± 0.063 vs. 0.429 ± 0.228) indicated the presence of increased levels of AGE in glycated vs. native hGBM. Insulin and the three proteins were bound to hGBM in increased amounts after its glycation (p < 0.05). The results obtained in this in vitro model confirm that enhanced nonenzymic glycation of hGBM induces the formation of AGE and possibly, through these compounds, alters its physicochemical and binding properties. This reation might contribute to the mechanisms eventually leading to diabetic nephropathy.

          Related collections

          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEF
          Nephron
          10.1159/issn.1660-8151
          Nephron
          S. Karger AG
          1660-8151
          2235-3186
          1989
          1989
          10 December 2008
          : 52
          : 3
          : 222-226
          Affiliations
          Department of Endocrinology, University ‘La Sapienza’, Rome, Italy
          Article
          185646 Nephron 1989;52:222–226
          10.1159/000185646
          2739862
          © 1989 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 5
          Categories
          Original Paper

          Comments

          Comment on this article