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      Controlling access to oil roads protects forest cover, but not wildlife communities: a case study from the rainforest of Yasuní Biosphere Reserve (Ecuador) : Indirect impacts of oil roads on wildlife

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      Animal Conservation
      Wiley-Blackwell

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          Tropical deforestation and habitat fragmentation in the Amazon: satellite data from 1978 to 1988.

          Landsat satellite imagery covering the entire forested portion of the Brazilian Amazon Basin was used to measure, for 1978 and 1988, deforestation, fragmented forest, defined as areas less than 100 square kilometers surrounded by deforestation, and edge effects of 1 kilometer into forest from adjacent areas of deforestation. Tropical deforestation increased from 78,000 square kilometers in 1978 to 230,000 square kilometers in 1988 while tropical forest habitat, severely affected with respect to biological diversity, increased from 208,000 to 588,000 square kilometers. Although this rate of deforestation is lower than previous estimates, the effect on biological diversity is greater.
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            Impacts of roads and linear clearings on tropical forests.

            Linear infrastructure such as roads, highways, power lines and gas lines are omnipresent features of human activity and are rapidly expanding in the tropics. Tropical species are especially vulnerable to such infrastructure because they include many ecological specialists that avoid even narrow (<30-m wide) clearings and forest edges, as well as other species that are susceptible to road kill, predation or hunting by humans near roads. In addition, roads have a major role in opening up forested tropical regions to destructive colonization and exploitation. Here, we synthesize existing research on the impacts of roads and other linear clearings on tropical rainforests, and assert that such impacts are often qualitatively and quantitatively different in tropical forests than in other ecosystems. We also highlight practical measures to reduce the negative impacts of roads and other linear infrastructure on tropical species.
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              The impacts of roads and other infrastructure on mammal and bird populations: A meta-analysis

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Animal Conservation
                Anim Conserv
                Wiley-Blackwell
                13679430
                June 2013
                June 2013
                : 16
                : 3
                : 265-274
                Article
                10.1111/j.1469-1795.2012.00592.x
                a0482670-ba6f-47c7-9cdf-895b594930cc
                © 2013

                http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/tdm_license_1.1

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