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      Unveiling the adsorption mechanism of zeolitic imidazolate framework-8 with high efficiency for removal of copper ions from aqueous solutions

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          Abstract

          Here we experimentally unveil the adsorption mechanism of Cu 2+ by using zeolitic imidazolate framework-8 (ZIF-8) for its application in heavy metal wastewater treatment.

          Abstract

          Among the heavy metal ions, copper( ii) can cause eye and liver damage at high uptake. The existence of copper ions (Cu 2+) even with an ultralow concentration of less than 0.1 μg g −1 can be toxic to living organisms. Thus, it is highly desirable to develop efficient adsorbents to remove Cu 2+ from aqueous solutions. In this work, without any surface functionalization or pretreatment, a water-stable zeolitic imidazolate framework (ZIF-8) synthesized at room temperature is directly used as a highly efficient adsorbent for removal of copper ions from aqueous solutions. To experimentally unveil the adsorption mechanism of Cu 2+ by using ZIF-8, we explore various effects from a series of important factors, such as pH value, contact time, temperature and initial Cu 2+ concentration. As a result, ZIF-8 nanocrystals demonstrate an unexpected high adsorption capacity of Cu 2+ and high removal efficiency for both high and low concentrations of Cu 2+ from water. Moreover, ZIF-8 nanocrystals possess fast kinetics for removing Cu 2+ with the adsorption time of less than 30 min. In addition, the pH of the solution ranging from 3 to 6 shows little effect on the adsorption of Cu 2+ by ZIF-8. The adsorption mechanism is proposed for the first time and systematically verified by various characterization techniques, such as TEM, FTIR, XPS, XRD and SEM.

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          Most cited references 41

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          Metal-organic framework materials as chemical sensors.

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            Metal-organic frameworks in biomedicine.

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              Self-Assembled 3D Flowerlike Iron Oxide Nanostructures and Their Application in Water Treatment

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                ICHBD9
                Dalton Transactions
                Dalton Trans.
                Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC)
                1477-9226
                1477-9234
                2016
                2016
                : 45
                : 32
                : 12653-12660
                Affiliations
                [1 ]Key Laboratory of Magnetic Materials and Devices & Key Laboratory of Additive Manufacturing Materials of Zhejiang Province & Division of Functional Materials and Nanodevices
                [2 ]Ningbo Institute of Materials Technology and Engineering
                [3 ]Chinese Academy of Sciences
                [4 ]Ningbo 315201
                [5 ]China
                [6 ]Department of Mechanical & Industrial Engineering
                [7 ]Louisiana State University
                [8 ]Baton Rouge
                [9 ]USA
                [10 ]Department of Chemical & Biological Engineering
                [11 ]Colorado School of Mines
                [12 ]Golden
                Article
                10.1039/C6DT01827K
                © 2016
                Product
                Self URI (article page): http://xlink.rsc.org/?DOI=C6DT01827K

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